Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Standard

Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk? / Saarnak, Christopher; Braae, Uffe Christian; Mukaratirwa, S.; Magnussen, Pascal; Johansen, Maria Vang.

2014. Abstract from 8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health, Louisiana, New Orleans, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Saarnak, C, Braae, UC, Mukaratirwa, S, Magnussen, P & Johansen, MV 2014, 'Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?', 8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health, Louisiana, New Orleans, United States, 30/10/2014 - 01/11/2014.

APA

Saarnak, C., Braae, U. C., Mukaratirwa, S., Magnussen, P., & Johansen, M. V. (2014). Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?. Abstract from 8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health, Louisiana, New Orleans, United States.

Vancouver

Saarnak C, Braae UC, Mukaratirwa S, Magnussen P, Johansen MV. Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?. 2014. Abstract from 8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health, Louisiana, New Orleans, United States.

Author

Saarnak, Christopher ; Braae, Uffe Christian ; Mukaratirwa, S. ; Magnussen, Pascal ; Johansen, Maria Vang. / Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?. Abstract from 8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health, Louisiana, New Orleans, United States.1 p.

Bibtex

@conference{b55a8d2fe7a44e939963eb83e1722178,
title = "Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?",
abstract = "This study investigates the number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa living in areas where two neglected tropical diseases, cysticercosis and schistosomiasis, are co-endemic. The World Health Organisation is aiming for elimination of schistosomiasis by 2020 through mass drug administration (MDA). However, the drug used for this, praziquantel, has been reported to cause dramatic side effects among people suffering from neurocysticercosis. Both diseases are presumed to be widely distributed on the continent, but the co-endemicity is unclear. We carried out a meta-analysis of the literature of T. solium taeniosis/cysticercosis in humans and porcine cysticercosis in pigs. Only epidemiological/clinical studies were included, qualitative questionnaire based surveys were discarded. Cysticercosis presence was georeferenced with an online gazetteer using information on place names in the published literature. We found 110 reports of cysticercosis in Africa from 1970 to 2012. A total of 597 districts (admin level 4 or equivalent) in 29 countries were identified. According to the data published by WHO on the estimated burden of schistosomiasis, the 29 countries where cysticercosis was found, were considered, on national scale, to be co-endemic with schistosomiasis. The co-endemicity dataset was then combined with modelled data on population density for 2015 derived from the WorldPop database. We used the open source GIS software QGIS and GRASS to overlay the two datasets and identified the number of people living in co-endemic districts. Almost 150 million people live in the co-endemic areas. Of these, almost 44 million live in high prevalence areas for schistosomiasis where WHO recommend MDA for the entire population. In co-endemic areas resources need to be allocated for evaluating the extent of adverse effects caused by mass drug administration in areas where people suffer from neurocysticercosis. One Health control strategies should be implemented, monitored and evaluated to enhance disease control with a long-term goal of elimination.",
author = "Christopher Saarnak and Braae, {Uffe Christian} and S. Mukaratirwa and Pascal Magnussen and Johansen, {Maria Vang}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "31",
language = "English",
note = "8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health ; Conference date: 30-10-2014 Through 01-11-2014",

}

RIS

TY - ABST

T1 - Co-endemicity of Cysticercosis and Schistosomiasis in Africa - how many people are at risk?

AU - Saarnak, Christopher

AU - Braae, Uffe Christian

AU - Mukaratirwa, S.

AU - Magnussen, Pascal

AU - Johansen, Maria Vang

PY - 2014/10/31

Y1 - 2014/10/31

N2 - This study investigates the number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa living in areas where two neglected tropical diseases, cysticercosis and schistosomiasis, are co-endemic. The World Health Organisation is aiming for elimination of schistosomiasis by 2020 through mass drug administration (MDA). However, the drug used for this, praziquantel, has been reported to cause dramatic side effects among people suffering from neurocysticercosis. Both diseases are presumed to be widely distributed on the continent, but the co-endemicity is unclear. We carried out a meta-analysis of the literature of T. solium taeniosis/cysticercosis in humans and porcine cysticercosis in pigs. Only epidemiological/clinical studies were included, qualitative questionnaire based surveys were discarded. Cysticercosis presence was georeferenced with an online gazetteer using information on place names in the published literature. We found 110 reports of cysticercosis in Africa from 1970 to 2012. A total of 597 districts (admin level 4 or equivalent) in 29 countries were identified. According to the data published by WHO on the estimated burden of schistosomiasis, the 29 countries where cysticercosis was found, were considered, on national scale, to be co-endemic with schistosomiasis. The co-endemicity dataset was then combined with modelled data on population density for 2015 derived from the WorldPop database. We used the open source GIS software QGIS and GRASS to overlay the two datasets and identified the number of people living in co-endemic districts. Almost 150 million people live in the co-endemic areas. Of these, almost 44 million live in high prevalence areas for schistosomiasis where WHO recommend MDA for the entire population. In co-endemic areas resources need to be allocated for evaluating the extent of adverse effects caused by mass drug administration in areas where people suffer from neurocysticercosis. One Health control strategies should be implemented, monitored and evaluated to enhance disease control with a long-term goal of elimination.

AB - This study investigates the number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa living in areas where two neglected tropical diseases, cysticercosis and schistosomiasis, are co-endemic. The World Health Organisation is aiming for elimination of schistosomiasis by 2020 through mass drug administration (MDA). However, the drug used for this, praziquantel, has been reported to cause dramatic side effects among people suffering from neurocysticercosis. Both diseases are presumed to be widely distributed on the continent, but the co-endemicity is unclear. We carried out a meta-analysis of the literature of T. solium taeniosis/cysticercosis in humans and porcine cysticercosis in pigs. Only epidemiological/clinical studies were included, qualitative questionnaire based surveys were discarded. Cysticercosis presence was georeferenced with an online gazetteer using information on place names in the published literature. We found 110 reports of cysticercosis in Africa from 1970 to 2012. A total of 597 districts (admin level 4 or equivalent) in 29 countries were identified. According to the data published by WHO on the estimated burden of schistosomiasis, the 29 countries where cysticercosis was found, were considered, on national scale, to be co-endemic with schistosomiasis. The co-endemicity dataset was then combined with modelled data on population density for 2015 derived from the WorldPop database. We used the open source GIS software QGIS and GRASS to overlay the two datasets and identified the number of people living in co-endemic districts. Almost 150 million people live in the co-endemic areas. Of these, almost 44 million live in high prevalence areas for schistosomiasis where WHO recommend MDA for the entire population. In co-endemic areas resources need to be allocated for evaluating the extent of adverse effects caused by mass drug administration in areas where people suffer from neurocysticercosis. One Health control strategies should be implemented, monitored and evaluated to enhance disease control with a long-term goal of elimination.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

T2 - 8th International Symposium on Geospatial Health

Y2 - 30 October 2014 through 1 November 2014

ER -

ID: 132289412