CNOT6: A Novel Regulator of DNA Mismatch Repair

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DNA mismatch repair (MMR) is a highly conserved pathway that corrects both base–base mispairs and insertion-deletion loops (IDLs) generated during DNA replication. Defects in MMR have been linked to carcinogenesis and drug resistance. However, the regulation of MMR is poorly understood. Interestingly, CNOT6 is one of four deadenylase subunits in the conserved CCR4-NOT complex and it targets poly(A) tails of mRNAs for degradation. CNOT6 is overexpressed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells, which suggests that an altered expression of CNOT6 may play a role in tumorigenesis. Here, we report that a depletion of CNOT6 sensitizes human U2OS cells to N-methyl-N′nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) and leads to enhanced apoptosis. We also demonstrate that the depletion of CNOT6 upregulates MMR and decreases the mutation frequency in MMR-proficient cells. Furthermore, the depletion of CNOT6 increases the stability of mRNA transcripts from MMR genes, leading to the increased expression of MMR proteins. Our work provides insight into a novel CNOT6-dependent mechanism for regulating MMR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number521
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Cancer, Gene regulation, Genome stability, Mammalian deadenylase, Mismatch repair, MRNA degradation

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