In the present study we have analysed the expression of insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) in the human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line IN157.IN157 cells express high levels of three IGF-II mRNAs of 6.0 kb, 4.8 kb and 4.2 kb. In contrast, normal skeletal muscle expresses a negligible amount of IGF-II mRNA. Two forms of IGF-II with molecular masses of 7.5 kDa and 10 kDa, corresponding to the mature IGF-II and IGF-II with a C-terminal extension of 21 amino acids (IGF-IIE21), were secreted into the culture medium at amounts of 17 ng/ml (2.3 nM) and 15 ng/ml (1.5 nM), respectively. IN157 cells also produce IGF binding protein-2. The bioactivity of recombinant IGF-IIE21 was compared with human IGF-I and IGF-II. IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-IIE21 bound with high affinity to human IGF-I receptors (Kd approximately 1 nM), whereas the human IGF-II/mannose 6-phosphate (IGF-II/Man 6-P) receptor bound IGF-II and IGF-IIE21 with Kd values of 0.5 nM and 2 nM, respectively, and IGF-I with about 500 times lower affinity. IGF-II and IGF-IIE21 stimulated DNA synthesis via the IGF-I receptor, whereas the IGF-II/Man 6-P receptor mediated their rapid internalization and inactivation. During culture of IN157 cells about 50% of their IGF-I receptors were occupied by endogenous IGF-II. We conclude that IN157 cells express high levels of bioactive 10 kDa IGF-II and 7.5 kDa IGF-II that may stimulate the proliferation of rhabdomyosarcomas by interaction with IGF-I receptors on the cells.
Keywords: Animals; Carrier Proteins; Cells, Cultured; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; Humans; Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2; Insulin-Like Growth Factor II; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Muscle Proteins; Muscles; Neoplasm Proteins; Receptor, IGF Type 2; Rhabdomyosarcoma; Tumor Cells, Cultured