Atmospheric chemistry of perfluorinated aldehyde hydrates (n-C(x)F(2x+1)CH(OH)2, x = 1, 3, 4): hydration, dehydration, and kinetics and mechanism of Cl atom and OH radical initiated oxidation

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Smog chamber/Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques were used to measure k(Cl+C(x)F(2x+1)CH(OH)(2)) (x = 1, 3, 4) = (5.84 +/- 0.92) x 10(-13) and k(OH+C(x)F(2x+1)CH(OH)(2)) = (1.22 +/- 0.26) x 10(-13) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) in 700 Torr of N(2) or air at 296 +/- 2 K. The Cl initiated oxidation of CF(3)CH(OH)(2) in 700 Torr of air gave CF(3)COOH in a molar yield of 101 +/- 6%. IR spectra of C(x)F(2x+1)CH(OH)(2) (x = 1, 3, 4) were recorded and are presented. An upper limit of k(CF(3)CHO+H(2)O) <2 x 10(-23) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) was established for the gas-phase hydration of CF(3)CHO. Bubbling CF(3)CHO/air mixtures through liquid water led to >80% conversion of CF(3)CHO into the hydrate within the approximately 2 s taken for passage through the bubbler. These results suggest that OH radical initiated oxidation of C(x)F(2x+1)CH(OH)(2) hydrates could be a significant source of perfluorinated carboxylic acids in the environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory
Issue number32
Pages (from-to)9854-60
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2006

ID: 44565516