Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer. / Peña-Diaz, Javier; Rasmussen, Lene Juel.

In: DNA Repair, Vol. 38, 02.2016, p. 147-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Peña-Diaz, J & Rasmussen, LJ 2016, 'Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer', DNA Repair, vol. 38, pp. 147-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.022

APA

Peña-Diaz, J., & Rasmussen, L. J. (2016). Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer. DNA Repair, 38, 147-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.022

Vancouver

Peña-Diaz J, Rasmussen LJ. Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer. DNA Repair. 2016 Feb;38:147-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.022

Author

Peña-Diaz, Javier ; Rasmussen, Lene Juel. / Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer. In: DNA Repair. 2016 ; Vol. 38. pp. 147-154.

Bibtex

@article{21236b0131624fa09e66af1a3ca6450d,
title = "Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer",
abstract = "The DNA repair pathway mismatch repair (MMR) is responsible for the recognition and correction of DNA biosynthetic errors caused by inaccurate nucleotide incorporation during replication. Faulty MMR leads to failure to address the mispairs or insertion deletion loops (IDLs) left behind by the replicative polymerases and results in increased mutation load at the genome. The realization that defective MMR leads to a hypermutation phenotype and increased risk of tumorigenesis highlights the relevance of this pathway for human disease. The association of MMR defects with increased risk of cancer development was first observed in colorectal cancer patients that carried inactivating germline mutations in MMR genes and the disease was named as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Currently, a growing list of cancers is found to be MMR defective and HNPCC has been renamed Lynch syndrome (LS) partly to include the associated risk of developing extra-colonic cancers. In addition, a number of non-hereditary, mostly epigenetic, alterations of MMR genes have been described in sporadic tumors. Besides conferring a strong cancer predisposition, genetic or epigenetic inactivation of MMR genes also renders cells resistant to some chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, diagnosis of MMR deficiency has important implications for the management of the patients, the surveillance of their relatives in the case of LS and for the choice of treatment. Some of the alterations found in MMR genes have already been well defined and their pathogenicity assessed. Despite this substantial wealth of knowledge, the effects of a large number of alterations remain uncharacterized (variants of uncertain significance, VUSs). The advent of personalized genomics is likely to increase the list of VUSs found in MMR genes and anticipates the need of diagnostic tools for rapid assessment of their pathogenicity. This review describes current tools and future strategies for addressing the relevance of MMR gene alterations in human disease.",
author = "Javier Pe{\~n}a-Diaz and Rasmussen, {Lene Juel}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.022",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "147--154",
journal = "D N A Repair",
issn = "1568-7864",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Approaches to diagnose DNA mismatch repair gene defects in cancer

AU - Peña-Diaz, Javier

AU - Rasmussen, Lene Juel

N1 - Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/2

Y1 - 2016/2

N2 - The DNA repair pathway mismatch repair (MMR) is responsible for the recognition and correction of DNA biosynthetic errors caused by inaccurate nucleotide incorporation during replication. Faulty MMR leads to failure to address the mispairs or insertion deletion loops (IDLs) left behind by the replicative polymerases and results in increased mutation load at the genome. The realization that defective MMR leads to a hypermutation phenotype and increased risk of tumorigenesis highlights the relevance of this pathway for human disease. The association of MMR defects with increased risk of cancer development was first observed in colorectal cancer patients that carried inactivating germline mutations in MMR genes and the disease was named as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Currently, a growing list of cancers is found to be MMR defective and HNPCC has been renamed Lynch syndrome (LS) partly to include the associated risk of developing extra-colonic cancers. In addition, a number of non-hereditary, mostly epigenetic, alterations of MMR genes have been described in sporadic tumors. Besides conferring a strong cancer predisposition, genetic or epigenetic inactivation of MMR genes also renders cells resistant to some chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, diagnosis of MMR deficiency has important implications for the management of the patients, the surveillance of their relatives in the case of LS and for the choice of treatment. Some of the alterations found in MMR genes have already been well defined and their pathogenicity assessed. Despite this substantial wealth of knowledge, the effects of a large number of alterations remain uncharacterized (variants of uncertain significance, VUSs). The advent of personalized genomics is likely to increase the list of VUSs found in MMR genes and anticipates the need of diagnostic tools for rapid assessment of their pathogenicity. This review describes current tools and future strategies for addressing the relevance of MMR gene alterations in human disease.

AB - The DNA repair pathway mismatch repair (MMR) is responsible for the recognition and correction of DNA biosynthetic errors caused by inaccurate nucleotide incorporation during replication. Faulty MMR leads to failure to address the mispairs or insertion deletion loops (IDLs) left behind by the replicative polymerases and results in increased mutation load at the genome. The realization that defective MMR leads to a hypermutation phenotype and increased risk of tumorigenesis highlights the relevance of this pathway for human disease. The association of MMR defects with increased risk of cancer development was first observed in colorectal cancer patients that carried inactivating germline mutations in MMR genes and the disease was named as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Currently, a growing list of cancers is found to be MMR defective and HNPCC has been renamed Lynch syndrome (LS) partly to include the associated risk of developing extra-colonic cancers. In addition, a number of non-hereditary, mostly epigenetic, alterations of MMR genes have been described in sporadic tumors. Besides conferring a strong cancer predisposition, genetic or epigenetic inactivation of MMR genes also renders cells resistant to some chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, diagnosis of MMR deficiency has important implications for the management of the patients, the surveillance of their relatives in the case of LS and for the choice of treatment. Some of the alterations found in MMR genes have already been well defined and their pathogenicity assessed. Despite this substantial wealth of knowledge, the effects of a large number of alterations remain uncharacterized (variants of uncertain significance, VUSs). The advent of personalized genomics is likely to increase the list of VUSs found in MMR genes and anticipates the need of diagnostic tools for rapid assessment of their pathogenicity. This review describes current tools and future strategies for addressing the relevance of MMR gene alterations in human disease.

U2 - 10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.022

DO - 10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.11.022

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26708048

VL - 38

SP - 147

EP - 154

JO - D N A Repair

JF - D N A Repair

SN - 1568-7864

ER -

ID: 161134490