Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies: Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies : Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis. / Basagaña, Xavier; Pedersen, Marie; Barrera-Gómez, Jose; Gehring, Ulrike; Giorgis-Allemand, Lise; Hoek, Gerard; Stafoggia, Massimo; Brunekreef, Bert; Slama, Rémy.

In: International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2018, p. 1343-1354.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Basagaña, X, Pedersen, M, Barrera-Gómez, J, Gehring, U, Giorgis-Allemand, L, Hoek, G, Stafoggia, M, Brunekreef, B & Slama, R 2018, 'Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies: Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1343-1354. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy117

APA

Basagaña, X., Pedersen, M., Barrera-Gómez, J., Gehring, U., Giorgis-Allemand, L., Hoek, G., ... Slama, R. (2018). Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies: Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 47(4), 1343-1354. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy117

Vancouver

Basagaña X, Pedersen M, Barrera-Gómez J, Gehring U, Giorgis-Allemand L, Hoek G et al. Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies: Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2018;47(4):1343-1354. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy117

Author

Basagaña, Xavier ; Pedersen, Marie ; Barrera-Gómez, Jose ; Gehring, Ulrike ; Giorgis-Allemand, Lise ; Hoek, Gerard ; Stafoggia, Massimo ; Brunekreef, Bert ; Slama, Rémy. / Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies : Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis. In: International Journal of Epidemiology. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 4. pp. 1343-1354.

Bibtex

@article{44a58d22b0b644ca8c686ef9a6e8bf0d,
title = "Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies: Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Multicentre studies are common in epidemiological research aiming at identifying disease risk factors. A major advantage of multicentre over single-centre studies is that, by including a larger number of participants, they allow consideration of rare outcomes and exposures. Their multicentric nature introduces some complexities at the step of data analysis, in particular when it comes to controlling for confounding by centre, which is the focus of this tutorial. Commonly, epidemiologists use one of the following options: pooling all centre-specific data and adjusting for centre using fixed effects; adjusting for centre using random effects; or fitting centre-specific models and combining the results in a meta-analysis. Here, we illustrate the similarities of and differences between these three modelling approaches, explain the reasons why they may provide different conclusions and offer advice on which model to choose depending on the characteristics of the study. Two key issues to examine during the analyses are to distinguish within-centre from between-centre associations, and the possible heterogeneity of the effects (of exposure and/or confounders) by centre. A real epidemiological study is used to illustrate a situation in which these various options yield different results. A synthetic dataset and R and Stata codes are provided to reproduce the results.",
keywords = "Fixed effects, Meta-analysis, Multicentre study, Multilevel analysis, Random effects",
author = "Xavier Basaga{\~n}a and Marie Pedersen and Jose Barrera-G{\'o}mez and Ulrike Gehring and Lise Giorgis-Allemand and Gerard Hoek and Massimo Stafoggia and Bert Brunekreef and R{\'e}my Slama",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1093/ije/dyy117",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "1343--1354",
journal = "International Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0300-5771",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of multicentre epidemiological studies

T2 - Contrasting fixed or random effects modelling and meta-analysis

AU - Basagaña, Xavier

AU - Pedersen, Marie

AU - Barrera-Gómez, Jose

AU - Gehring, Ulrike

AU - Giorgis-Allemand, Lise

AU - Hoek, Gerard

AU - Stafoggia, Massimo

AU - Brunekreef, Bert

AU - Slama, Rémy

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Multicentre studies are common in epidemiological research aiming at identifying disease risk factors. A major advantage of multicentre over single-centre studies is that, by including a larger number of participants, they allow consideration of rare outcomes and exposures. Their multicentric nature introduces some complexities at the step of data analysis, in particular when it comes to controlling for confounding by centre, which is the focus of this tutorial. Commonly, epidemiologists use one of the following options: pooling all centre-specific data and adjusting for centre using fixed effects; adjusting for centre using random effects; or fitting centre-specific models and combining the results in a meta-analysis. Here, we illustrate the similarities of and differences between these three modelling approaches, explain the reasons why they may provide different conclusions and offer advice on which model to choose depending on the characteristics of the study. Two key issues to examine during the analyses are to distinguish within-centre from between-centre associations, and the possible heterogeneity of the effects (of exposure and/or confounders) by centre. A real epidemiological study is used to illustrate a situation in which these various options yield different results. A synthetic dataset and R and Stata codes are provided to reproduce the results.

AB - Multicentre studies are common in epidemiological research aiming at identifying disease risk factors. A major advantage of multicentre over single-centre studies is that, by including a larger number of participants, they allow consideration of rare outcomes and exposures. Their multicentric nature introduces some complexities at the step of data analysis, in particular when it comes to controlling for confounding by centre, which is the focus of this tutorial. Commonly, epidemiologists use one of the following options: pooling all centre-specific data and adjusting for centre using fixed effects; adjusting for centre using random effects; or fitting centre-specific models and combining the results in a meta-analysis. Here, we illustrate the similarities of and differences between these three modelling approaches, explain the reasons why they may provide different conclusions and offer advice on which model to choose depending on the characteristics of the study. Two key issues to examine during the analyses are to distinguish within-centre from between-centre associations, and the possible heterogeneity of the effects (of exposure and/or confounders) by centre. A real epidemiological study is used to illustrate a situation in which these various options yield different results. A synthetic dataset and R and Stata codes are provided to reproduce the results.

KW - Fixed effects

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Multicentre study

KW - Multilevel analysis

KW - Random effects

U2 - 10.1093/ije/dyy117

DO - 10.1093/ije/dyy117

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29939274

AN - SCOPUS:85055416222

VL - 47

SP - 1343

EP - 1354

JO - International Journal of Epidemiology

JF - International Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0300-5771

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 238737451