Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility

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Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility. / Zhang, Guanming; Mueller, Romain; Doostmohammadi, Amin; Yeomans, Julia M.

In: Interface Focus, Vol. 17, No. 169, 20200312, 26.08.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Zhang, G, Mueller, R, Doostmohammadi, A & Yeomans, JM 2020, 'Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility', Interface Focus, vol. 17, no. 169, 20200312. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2020.0312

APA

Zhang, G., Mueller, R., Doostmohammadi, A., & Yeomans, J. M. (2020). Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility. Interface Focus, 17(169), [20200312]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2020.0312

Vancouver

Zhang G, Mueller R, Doostmohammadi A, Yeomans JM. Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility. Interface Focus. 2020 Aug 26;17(169). 20200312. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2020.0312

Author

Zhang, Guanming ; Mueller, Romain ; Doostmohammadi, Amin ; Yeomans, Julia M. / Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility. In: Interface Focus. 2020 ; Vol. 17, No. 169.

Bibtex

@article{64d8d2ba831a45219d13cab92d3bfcd4,
title = "Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility",
abstract = "The collective behaviour of confluent cell sheets is strongly influenced both by polar forces, arising through cytoskeletal propulsion, and by active inter-cellular forces, which are mediated by interactions across cell-cell junctions. We use a phase-field model to explore the interplay between these two contributions and compare the dynamics of a cell sheet when the polarity of the cells aligns to (i) their main axis of elongation, (ii) their velocity and (iii) when the polarity direction executes a persistent random walk. In all three cases, we observe a sharp transition from a jammed state (where cell rearrangements are strongly suppressed) to a liquid state (where the cells can move freely relative to each other) when either the polar or the inter-cellular forces are increased. In addition, for case (ii) only, we observe an additional dynamical state, flocking (solid or liquid), where the majority of the cells move in the same direction. The flocking state is seen for strong polar forces, but is destroyed as the strength of the inter-cellular activity is increased.",
keywords = "active matter, cell motility, phase-field model, MORPHOGENESIS, POLARIZATION, MIGRATION",
author = "Guanming Zhang and Romain Mueller and Amin Doostmohammadi and Yeomans, {Julia M.}",
year = "2020",
month = "8",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1098/rsif.2020.0312",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "Interface Focus",
issn = "2042-8898",
publisher = "Royal Society, The",
number = "169",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active inter-cellular forces in collective cell motility

AU - Zhang, Guanming

AU - Mueller, Romain

AU - Doostmohammadi, Amin

AU - Yeomans, Julia M.

PY - 2020/8/26

Y1 - 2020/8/26

N2 - The collective behaviour of confluent cell sheets is strongly influenced both by polar forces, arising through cytoskeletal propulsion, and by active inter-cellular forces, which are mediated by interactions across cell-cell junctions. We use a phase-field model to explore the interplay between these two contributions and compare the dynamics of a cell sheet when the polarity of the cells aligns to (i) their main axis of elongation, (ii) their velocity and (iii) when the polarity direction executes a persistent random walk. In all three cases, we observe a sharp transition from a jammed state (where cell rearrangements are strongly suppressed) to a liquid state (where the cells can move freely relative to each other) when either the polar or the inter-cellular forces are increased. In addition, for case (ii) only, we observe an additional dynamical state, flocking (solid or liquid), where the majority of the cells move in the same direction. The flocking state is seen for strong polar forces, but is destroyed as the strength of the inter-cellular activity is increased.

AB - The collective behaviour of confluent cell sheets is strongly influenced both by polar forces, arising through cytoskeletal propulsion, and by active inter-cellular forces, which are mediated by interactions across cell-cell junctions. We use a phase-field model to explore the interplay between these two contributions and compare the dynamics of a cell sheet when the polarity of the cells aligns to (i) their main axis of elongation, (ii) their velocity and (iii) when the polarity direction executes a persistent random walk. In all three cases, we observe a sharp transition from a jammed state (where cell rearrangements are strongly suppressed) to a liquid state (where the cells can move freely relative to each other) when either the polar or the inter-cellular forces are increased. In addition, for case (ii) only, we observe an additional dynamical state, flocking (solid or liquid), where the majority of the cells move in the same direction. The flocking state is seen for strong polar forces, but is destroyed as the strength of the inter-cellular activity is increased.

KW - active matter

KW - cell motility

KW - phase-field model

KW - MORPHOGENESIS

KW - POLARIZATION

KW - MIGRATION

U2 - 10.1098/rsif.2020.0312

DO - 10.1098/rsif.2020.0312

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32781933

VL - 17

JO - Interface Focus

JF - Interface Focus

SN - 2042-8898

IS - 169

M1 - 20200312

ER -

ID: 248233494