A fully defined 3D matrix for ex vivo expansion of human colonic organoids from biopsy tissue

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Intestinal organoids have widespread research and biomedical applications, such as disease modeling, drug testing and regenerative medicine. However, the transition towards clinical use has in part been hampered by the dependency on animal tumor-derived basement membrane extracts (BMEs), which are poorly defined and ill-suited for regulatory approval due to their origin and batch-to-batch variability. In order to overcome these limitations, and to enable clinical translation, we tested the use of a fully defined hydrogel matrix, QGel CN99, to establish and expand intestinal organoids directly from human colonic biopsies. We achieved efficient de novo establishment, expansion and organoid maintenance, while also demonstrating sustained genetic stability. Additionally, we were able to preserve stemness and differentiation capacity, with transcriptomic profiles resembling normal colonic epithelium. All data proved comparable to organoids cultured in the BME-benchmark Matrigel. The application of a fully defined hydrogel, completely bypassing the use of BMEs, will drastically improve the reproducibility and scalability of organoid studies, but also advance translational applications in personalized medicine and stem cell-based regenerative therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120248
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Cell differentiation, Extracellular matrix, Human colonic organoids, Hydrogel, Intestinal stem cells

ID: 249156903