Trine Villumsen Berling

Trine Villumsen Berling

Associate Professor

Areas of expertise

  • Security
  • International Political Sociology
  • Expert Knowledge
  • Energy security
  • Science/policy nexus

Main Research Topics

Energy security between technoscience and disaster discourses

Energy security is at the heart of any country's level of stability. In order to function, a society needs a stable flow of energy in order to sustain vital functions. The Nordic countries are traditionally understood as homogeneous politically and culturally. But there are great differences in how the Nordic countries approach the question of energy. In the current security situation, understanding the differences in self-sufficiency strategies of energy supply in the north is of high value. In an area of great cooperation and animosity the differences seem inexplicable and can become problematic if not understood and dealt with correctly. In order to map and assess the differences in energy self-sufficiency in the north, this study performs a comparison between Danish, Swedish and Finnish knowledge regimes on self-sufficiency in energy from the angle of expert and national cultures.



2020 Special issue on Energy Security Imagination. JIRD 2020/2

2020 Norwegian and Ukrainian energy futures. Journal article w. Izabela Surwillo.

2019 Long-read on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, Ræson, July 2019

2018 Workshop on Nordic energy security expertise

2018 Op-ed on nuclear policies in Denmark and Sweden

2018 Op-ed on Norwegian Oil. Morgenbladet.


What NATO knows: Expertise between Technoscience and Practical Experience

The project investigates which types of expertise are valued at the NATO Defence College and how this affects the decision-making processes in NATO as a whole. The project uses participant observation, analysis of course curricula and interviews. The project is funded by the Carlberg Foundation and runs from 2014-2016. 

2018 "Stabilizing Crises: Assembling NATO Defense College Expertise about Libya and Ukraine" in Anna Leander and Ole Wæver, The Production of Expert Ignorance: Assembling International Conflict Resolution Expertise, Routledge

2017. w B. Smith-Windsor. “NATO Defense College: Navigating between Strategic Education, Critical Analysis and Partnerships”, in Thomas Juneau & Jean-François Morel The Pursuit of Relevance: Strategic analysis in support of international policy-making, Rowman & Littlefield

2016.  “Tacit Expertise. How the NATO Defense College nurtures an international hub of security knowledge through education”, NDC Eisenhower Paper no. 5, January 2016

2015. Kronik (in Danish). Inden for murene er NATO blød som smør, Politiken, 9-2-2015

2014. Presentation of project to CAST international advisory board, May 22.

2014 Presentation of project outline to the research group: "Nye konflikter, nye videns- og autoritetsformer" at DIIS, Copenhagen.

Security experts and expertise

This research project investigates the possible roles of security experts in a time of securitization. What types of connections to the world of practice are available to the security analyst when objective truths are questioned? And how does science mechanisms influence political practice in various ways?

Output includes:

2017 w. Christian Bueger "Expertise in the Age of Post-Factual politics: An outline of reflexive strategies" Geoforum 84: 332-341

2017 Rychnovská, Dagmar, Maya Pasgaard and Trine Villumsen Berling (2017): “Science and security expertise: Authority, knowledge, subjectivity, Geoforum 84: 327-331

2015. w. Chrisitan Bueger (eds) 'Security Expertise. Practices, Power, Responsibility', PRIO New International Security, Routledge

2013. Berling, T.V. & Bueger C. (2013) 'Practical Reflexivity, Dilemmas, and Coping Strategies', PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 46(1), pp. 115-119

2011. CAST conference 'Capturing Security Expertise: Concepts, Typologies, Practices, Power' held June 2011, University of Copenhagen. See link for further information: 

2011. Villumsen, T., Büger, C. 'Capturing Security Expertise - An Introduction', Paper presented at the CAST conference 'Capturing Security Expertise' held June 2011, University of Copenhagen.

2011. Berling, T.V. (2011) 'Securitization and Science. Objectivation, the authority of the speaker and mobilization of scientific facts', Security Dialogue, vol. 42, no. 4-5.

2010. Villumsen, T., Büger, C. 'Security Expertise after Securitization: Coping with Dilemmas of Engaging with practice'. Paper presented at the ISA conference, 17-20 February 2010, New Orleans.

2009. CAST Inspirational Workshop 'Expert roles' held February 2009, University of Copenhagen. See link for further information:


Bourdieusian sociology in International Relation

This research project investigates how central concepts in the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu can be added to the toolbox of international relations scholars after the linguistic turn. Special attention is given to the concepts of field, doxa and capital and how these can be combined in a dynamic analysis of change in international fields. Output includes:

2015. Berling, T.V. The International Political Sociology of Security. Rethinking Theory and Practice, New International Relations, Routledges, Taylor & Francis Group.

2012. Berling, T.V. "Bourdieu, International Relations, and European Security." Theory and Society 41(5): pp. 451-478.

2012. Berling, T.V. 'Knowledges' , in Rebecca Adler-Nissen (ed.) 'Bourdieu in International Relations. Rethinking key concepts in IR', London, Routledge: pp. 59-77.

2011. Villumsen, T. 'Capitalizing on Bourdieu. Boundary-setting, agency, and doxic battles in IR'. Paper presented at ISA conference, 16-19 march 2011, Montréal.

2010. Villumsen, T. 'Knowledges. From a 'view from nowhere' to a view from 'somewhere''. Conference paper presented at the CAST workshop 'Bourdieu in IR. Rethinking key concepts in IR', December 2010, University of Copenhagen.

Selected publications

  1. Published

    The International Political Sociology of Security: Rethinking Theory and Practice

    Berling, Trine Villumsen, 2015, Routledge. 197 p. (New International Relations Series).

    Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review

  2. Published

    Securitization and Science: Objectivation, the authority of the speaker and mobilization of scientific facts

    Berling, Trine Villumsen, 2011, In: Security Dialogue. 42, 4-5, p. 385-397

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Published

    NATO Defense College: Navigating between Strategic Education, Critical Analysis and Partnerships

    Berling, Trine Villumsen & Smith-Windsor, B., 16 Jan 2017, Strategic Analysis in Support of International Policy Making : Case Studies in Achieving Analytical Relevance. Juneau, T. (ed.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, p. 163-186

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

  4. Published

    Stabilising crises

    Berling, Trine Villumsen, Jul 2018, Assembling Exclusive Expertise. Knowledge, Ignorance and Conflict Resolution in the Global South. Leander, A. & Wæver, O. (eds.). London; N.Y.: Routledge, p. 93-109 (Worlding Beyond the West).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

  5. Published

    Security Expertise: Practice, Power, Responsibility

    Berling, Trine Villumsen (ed.) & Bueger, C. (ed.), 21 Apr 2015, Routledge. 250 p. (PRIO New Security Studies).

    Research output: Book/ReportAnthologyResearchpeer-review

Selected activities

  1. Nordsteva. Nordic Centre of Excellence on Societal Security and Values

    Berling, Trine Villumsen (Participant)

    26 Sep 201528 Sep 2015

    Activity: Participating in an event - typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

  2. EISA

    Berling, Trine Villumsen (Speaker)

    23 Sep 201525 Sep 2015

    Activity: Participating in an event - typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

  3. Translations of security

    Berling, Trine Villumsen (Organizer)

    20 May 201422 May 2014

    Activity: Participating in an event - typesOrganisation of and participation in conference

  4. Capturing Security Expertise Concepts, Typologies, Practices, Power 1 st Copenhagen International Forum on Security Expertise

    Berling, Trine Villumsen (Organizer)

    16 Jun 201117 Jun 2011

    Activity: Participating in an event - typesOrganisation of and participation in conference

ID: 6508845