The Wehrl entropy has Gaussian optimizers

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We determine the minimum Wehrl entropy among the quantum states with a given von Neumann entropy and prove that it is achieved by thermal Gaussian states. This result determines the relation between the von Neumann and the Wehrl entropies. The key idea is proving that the quantum-classical channel that associates with a quantum state its Husimi Q representation is asymptotically equivalent to the Gaussian quantum-limited amplifier with infinite amplification parameter. This equivalence also permits to determine the p→ q norms of the aforementioned quantum-classical channel in the two particular cases of one mode and p= q and prove that they are achieved by thermal Gaussian states. The same equivalence permits to prove that the Husimi Q representation of a one-mode passive state (i.e., a state diagonal in the Fock basis with eigenvalues decreasing as the energy increases) majorizes the Husimi Q representation of any other one-mode state with the same spectrum, i.e., it maximizes any convex functional.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLetters in Mathematical Physics
Volume108
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)97-116
Number of pages20
ISSN0377-9017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

    Research areas

  • Husimi Q representation, Quantum Gaussian states, Schatten norms, Von Neumann entropy, Wehrl entropy

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