The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review

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The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis : A systematic review. / Thomsen, Henriette Lynge; Jessen, Elise Barsøe; Passali, Moschoula; Frederiksen, Jette Lautrup.

In: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, Vol. 27, 2019, p. 156-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Thomsen, HL, Jessen, EB, Passali, M & Frederiksen, JL 2019, 'The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review', Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, vol. 27, pp. 156-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.019

APA

Thomsen, H. L., Jessen, E. B., Passali, M., & Frederiksen, J. L. (2019). The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 27, 156-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.019

Vancouver

Thomsen HL, Jessen EB, Passali M, Frederiksen JL. The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 2019;27:156-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.019

Author

Thomsen, Henriette Lynge ; Jessen, Elise Barsøe ; Passali, Moschoula ; Frederiksen, Jette Lautrup. / The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis : A systematic review. In: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 2019 ; Vol. 27. pp. 156-163.

Bibtex

@article{5369508cca604af78d0301fe69ceec97,
title = "The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review",
abstract = "Background: There is an increasing interest in diet as a modifying factor in multiple sclerosis (MS), and gluten has been suggested to affect MS.Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to qualitatively evaluate the evidence on the role of gluten in MS.Methods: A review protocol was submitted to PROSPERO. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cab Abstracts, and Google Scholar. Studies on patients with MS, clinically isolated syndrome, or celiac disease presenting with MS-related markers were included, if they investigated effects of diets containing specified amounts of gluten or associations between gluten sensitivities and MS.Results: Forty-nine publications presenting 50 studies/cases met the inclusion criteria. Study designs, methods, and outcomes varied broadly across studies. Two intervention studies found a positive effect of a gluten-free diet on disease-related markers in patients with MS. One prospective cohort study also found a positive effect of a gluten-free diet, while a survey found intake of cereal/bread to be protective against MS. Four observational studies did not find increased comorbidity of MS and celiac disease. Seventeen studies investigated the level of different gluten-sensitivity markers in patients with MS with inconsistent results. Finally, 12 cases and 13 posters/abstracts/master's theses contributed to shed light on the topic.Conclusions: There is still not sufficient evidence to state whether gluten plays a role in MS, but limitations of current evidence have been identified and directions of future research have been suggested.",
keywords = "The Faculty of Science, Clinically isolated syndrome, Diet, Gliadin, Gluten, Multiple sclerosis",
author = "Thomsen, {Henriette Lynge} and Jessen, {Elise Bars{\o}e} and Moschoula Passali and Frederiksen, {Jette Lautrup}",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 026",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.019",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "156--163",
journal = "Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders",
issn = "2211-0348",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of gluten in multiple sclerosis

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Thomsen, Henriette Lynge

AU - Jessen, Elise Barsøe

AU - Passali, Moschoula

AU - Frederiksen, Jette Lautrup

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 026

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: There is an increasing interest in diet as a modifying factor in multiple sclerosis (MS), and gluten has been suggested to affect MS.Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to qualitatively evaluate the evidence on the role of gluten in MS.Methods: A review protocol was submitted to PROSPERO. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cab Abstracts, and Google Scholar. Studies on patients with MS, clinically isolated syndrome, or celiac disease presenting with MS-related markers were included, if they investigated effects of diets containing specified amounts of gluten or associations between gluten sensitivities and MS.Results: Forty-nine publications presenting 50 studies/cases met the inclusion criteria. Study designs, methods, and outcomes varied broadly across studies. Two intervention studies found a positive effect of a gluten-free diet on disease-related markers in patients with MS. One prospective cohort study also found a positive effect of a gluten-free diet, while a survey found intake of cereal/bread to be protective against MS. Four observational studies did not find increased comorbidity of MS and celiac disease. Seventeen studies investigated the level of different gluten-sensitivity markers in patients with MS with inconsistent results. Finally, 12 cases and 13 posters/abstracts/master's theses contributed to shed light on the topic.Conclusions: There is still not sufficient evidence to state whether gluten plays a role in MS, but limitations of current evidence have been identified and directions of future research have been suggested.

AB - Background: There is an increasing interest in diet as a modifying factor in multiple sclerosis (MS), and gluten has been suggested to affect MS.Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to qualitatively evaluate the evidence on the role of gluten in MS.Methods: A review protocol was submitted to PROSPERO. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cab Abstracts, and Google Scholar. Studies on patients with MS, clinically isolated syndrome, or celiac disease presenting with MS-related markers were included, if they investigated effects of diets containing specified amounts of gluten or associations between gluten sensitivities and MS.Results: Forty-nine publications presenting 50 studies/cases met the inclusion criteria. Study designs, methods, and outcomes varied broadly across studies. Two intervention studies found a positive effect of a gluten-free diet on disease-related markers in patients with MS. One prospective cohort study also found a positive effect of a gluten-free diet, while a survey found intake of cereal/bread to be protective against MS. Four observational studies did not find increased comorbidity of MS and celiac disease. Seventeen studies investigated the level of different gluten-sensitivity markers in patients with MS with inconsistent results. Finally, 12 cases and 13 posters/abstracts/master's theses contributed to shed light on the topic.Conclusions: There is still not sufficient evidence to state whether gluten plays a role in MS, but limitations of current evidence have been identified and directions of future research have been suggested.

KW - The Faculty of Science

KW - Clinically isolated syndrome

KW - Diet

KW - Gliadin

KW - Gluten

KW - Multiple sclerosis

U2 - 10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.019

DO - 10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.019

M3 - Review

VL - 27

SP - 156

EP - 163

JO - Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders

JF - Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders

SN - 2211-0348

ER -

ID: 211988693