Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota

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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota. / Palleja, Albert; Kashani, Alireza; Allin, Kristine Højgaard; Nielsen, Trine; Zhang, Chenchen; Li, Yin; Brach, Thorsten; Liang, Suisha; Feng, Qiang; Jørgensen, Nils Bruun; Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine N.; Dirksen, Carsten; Burgdorf, Kristoffer Sølvsten; Holst, Jens Juul; Madsbad, Sten; Wang, Jun; Pedersen, Oluf Borbye; Hansen, Torben; Arumugam, Manimozhiyan.

In: Genome Medicine, Vol. 8, 67, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Palleja, A, Kashani, A, Allin, KH, Nielsen, T, Zhang, C, Li, Y, Brach, T, Liang, S, Feng, Q, Jørgensen, NB, Bojsen-Møller, KN, Dirksen, C, Burgdorf, KS, Holst, JJ, Madsbad, S, Wang, J, Pedersen, OB, Hansen, T & Arumugam, M 2016, 'Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota', Genome Medicine, vol. 8, 67. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-016-0312-1

APA

Palleja, A., Kashani, A., Allin, K. H., Nielsen, T., Zhang, C., Li, Y., ... Arumugam, M. (2016). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota. Genome Medicine, 8, [67]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-016-0312-1

Vancouver

Palleja A, Kashani A, Allin KH, Nielsen T, Zhang C, Li Y et al. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota. Genome Medicine. 2016;8. 67. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-016-0312-1

Author

Palleja, Albert ; Kashani, Alireza ; Allin, Kristine Højgaard ; Nielsen, Trine ; Zhang, Chenchen ; Li, Yin ; Brach, Thorsten ; Liang, Suisha ; Feng, Qiang ; Jørgensen, Nils Bruun ; Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine N. ; Dirksen, Carsten ; Burgdorf, Kristoffer Sølvsten ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Madsbad, Sten ; Wang, Jun ; Pedersen, Oluf Borbye ; Hansen, Torben ; Arumugam, Manimozhiyan. / Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota. In: Genome Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 8.

Bibtex

@article{509c23f3cc894b29808a306ed130f5f5,
title = "Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota",
abstract = "Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated with obesity and some of its co-morbidities, like type 2 diabetes, and major changes of gut microbial communities have been hypothesized to mediate part of the beneficial metabolic effects observed after RYGB. Here we describe changes in gut microbial taxonomic composition and functional potential following RYGB. Methods: We recruited 13 morbidly obese patients who underwent RYGB, carefully phenotyped them, and had their gut microbiomes quantified before (n = 13) and 3 months (n = 12) and 12 months (n = 8) after RYGB. Following shotgun metagenomic sequencing of the fecal microbial DNA purified from stools, we characterized the gut microbial composition at species and gene levels followed by functional annotation. Results: In parallel with the weight loss and metabolic improvements, gut microbial diversity increased within the first 3 months after RYGB and remained high 1 year later. RYGB led to altered relative abundances of 31 species (P < 0.05, q < 0.15) within the first 3 months, including those of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Veillonella spp., Streptococcus spp., Alistipes spp., and Akkermansia muciniphila. Sixteen of these species maintained their altered relative abundances during the following 9 months. Interestingly, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was the only species that decreased in relative abundance. Fifty-three microbial functional modules increased their relative abundance between baseline and 3 months (P < 0.05, q < 0.17). These functional changes included increased potential (i) to assimilate multiple energy sources using transporters and phosphotransferase systems, (ii) to use aerobic respiration, (iii) to shift from protein degradation to putrefaction, and (iv) to use amino acids and fatty acids as energy sources. Conclusions: Within 3 months after morbidly obese individuals had undergone RYGB, their gut microbiota featured an increased diversity, an altered composition, an increased potential for oxygen tolerance, and an increased potential for microbial utilization of macro- and micro-nutrients. These changes were maintained for the first year post-RYGB.",
author = "Albert Palleja and Alireza Kashani and Allin, {Kristine H{\o}jgaard} and Trine Nielsen and Chenchen Zhang and Yin Li and Thorsten Brach and Suisha Liang and Qiang Feng and J{\o}rgensen, {Nils Bruun} and Bojsen-M{\o}ller, {Kirstine N.} and Carsten Dirksen and Burgdorf, {Kristoffer S{\o}lvsten} and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Sten Madsbad and Jun Wang and Pedersen, {Oluf Borbye} and Torben Hansen and Manimozhiyan Arumugam",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1186/s13073-016-0312-1",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Genome Medicine",
issn = "1756-994X",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota

AU - Palleja, Albert

AU - Kashani, Alireza

AU - Allin, Kristine Højgaard

AU - Nielsen, Trine

AU - Zhang, Chenchen

AU - Li, Yin

AU - Brach, Thorsten

AU - Liang, Suisha

AU - Feng, Qiang

AU - Jørgensen, Nils Bruun

AU - Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine N.

AU - Dirksen, Carsten

AU - Burgdorf, Kristoffer Sølvsten

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Madsbad, Sten

AU - Wang, Jun

AU - Pedersen, Oluf Borbye

AU - Hansen, Torben

AU - Arumugam, Manimozhiyan

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated with obesity and some of its co-morbidities, like type 2 diabetes, and major changes of gut microbial communities have been hypothesized to mediate part of the beneficial metabolic effects observed after RYGB. Here we describe changes in gut microbial taxonomic composition and functional potential following RYGB. Methods: We recruited 13 morbidly obese patients who underwent RYGB, carefully phenotyped them, and had their gut microbiomes quantified before (n = 13) and 3 months (n = 12) and 12 months (n = 8) after RYGB. Following shotgun metagenomic sequencing of the fecal microbial DNA purified from stools, we characterized the gut microbial composition at species and gene levels followed by functional annotation. Results: In parallel with the weight loss and metabolic improvements, gut microbial diversity increased within the first 3 months after RYGB and remained high 1 year later. RYGB led to altered relative abundances of 31 species (P < 0.05, q < 0.15) within the first 3 months, including those of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Veillonella spp., Streptococcus spp., Alistipes spp., and Akkermansia muciniphila. Sixteen of these species maintained their altered relative abundances during the following 9 months. Interestingly, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was the only species that decreased in relative abundance. Fifty-three microbial functional modules increased their relative abundance between baseline and 3 months (P < 0.05, q < 0.17). These functional changes included increased potential (i) to assimilate multiple energy sources using transporters and phosphotransferase systems, (ii) to use aerobic respiration, (iii) to shift from protein degradation to putrefaction, and (iv) to use amino acids and fatty acids as energy sources. Conclusions: Within 3 months after morbidly obese individuals had undergone RYGB, their gut microbiota featured an increased diversity, an altered composition, an increased potential for oxygen tolerance, and an increased potential for microbial utilization of macro- and micro-nutrients. These changes were maintained for the first year post-RYGB.

AB - Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated with obesity and some of its co-morbidities, like type 2 diabetes, and major changes of gut microbial communities have been hypothesized to mediate part of the beneficial metabolic effects observed after RYGB. Here we describe changes in gut microbial taxonomic composition and functional potential following RYGB. Methods: We recruited 13 morbidly obese patients who underwent RYGB, carefully phenotyped them, and had their gut microbiomes quantified before (n = 13) and 3 months (n = 12) and 12 months (n = 8) after RYGB. Following shotgun metagenomic sequencing of the fecal microbial DNA purified from stools, we characterized the gut microbial composition at species and gene levels followed by functional annotation. Results: In parallel with the weight loss and metabolic improvements, gut microbial diversity increased within the first 3 months after RYGB and remained high 1 year later. RYGB led to altered relative abundances of 31 species (P < 0.05, q < 0.15) within the first 3 months, including those of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Veillonella spp., Streptococcus spp., Alistipes spp., and Akkermansia muciniphila. Sixteen of these species maintained their altered relative abundances during the following 9 months. Interestingly, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was the only species that decreased in relative abundance. Fifty-three microbial functional modules increased their relative abundance between baseline and 3 months (P < 0.05, q < 0.17). These functional changes included increased potential (i) to assimilate multiple energy sources using transporters and phosphotransferase systems, (ii) to use aerobic respiration, (iii) to shift from protein degradation to putrefaction, and (iv) to use amino acids and fatty acids as energy sources. Conclusions: Within 3 months after morbidly obese individuals had undergone RYGB, their gut microbiota featured an increased diversity, an altered composition, an increased potential for oxygen tolerance, and an increased potential for microbial utilization of macro- and micro-nutrients. These changes were maintained for the first year post-RYGB.

U2 - 10.1186/s13073-016-0312-1

DO - 10.1186/s13073-016-0312-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

JO - Genome Medicine

JF - Genome Medicine

SN - 1756-994X

M1 - 67

ER -

ID: 164595317