RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones. / Skov, Louise J; Ratner, Cecilia; Hansen, Nikolaj Winther; Thompson, Jonatan J.; Egerod, Kristoffer L; Burm, Hayley; Dalbøge, Louise Schjellerup; Hedegaard, Morten A; Brakebusch, Cord; Pers, Tune H; Perrier, Jean-François; Holst, Birgitte.

In: Journal of Neuroendocrinology, Vol. 31, No. 7, UNSP e12761, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Skov, LJ, Ratner, C, Hansen, NW, Thompson, JJ, Egerod, KL, Burm, H, Dalbøge, LS, Hedegaard, MA, Brakebusch, C, Pers, TH, Perrier, J-F & Holst, B 2019, 'RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones', Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol. 31, no. 7, UNSP e12761. https://doi.org/10.1111/jne.12761

APA

Skov, L. J., Ratner, C., Hansen, N. W., Thompson, J. J., Egerod, K. L., Burm, H., ... Holst, B. (2019). RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 31(7), [UNSP e12761]. https://doi.org/10.1111/jne.12761

Vancouver

Skov LJ, Ratner C, Hansen NW, Thompson JJ, Egerod KL, Burm H et al. RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 2019;31(7). UNSP e12761. https://doi.org/10.1111/jne.12761

Author

Skov, Louise J ; Ratner, Cecilia ; Hansen, Nikolaj Winther ; Thompson, Jonatan J. ; Egerod, Kristoffer L ; Burm, Hayley ; Dalbøge, Louise Schjellerup ; Hedegaard, Morten A ; Brakebusch, Cord ; Pers, Tune H ; Perrier, Jean-François ; Holst, Birgitte. / RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones. In: Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 7.

Bibtex

@inproceedings{b0625e9d21514b668641f389cdfca0bb,
title = "RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones",
abstract = "Dopamine-producing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) have recently been shown to be involved in ghrelin signaling and body weight homeostasis. Here, we investigate the role of the intracellular regulator RhoA in hypothalamic TH neurons in response to peripheral hormones. Diet-induced obesity was found to be associated with increased phosphorylation of TH in ARC, indicating obesity-associated increased activity of ARC TH neurons. Mice, in which RhoA was specifically knocked out in TH neurons (TH-RhoA-/- mice), were more sensitive to the orexigenic effect of peripherally administered ghrelin and displayed an abolished response to the anorexigenic hormone leptin. When TH-RhoA-/- mice were challenged with a high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet, they became hyperphagic and gained more body weight and fat mass compared to wildtype control mice. Importantly, lack of RhoA prevented development of ghrelin resistance, which is normally observed in wildtype mice after long-term HFHS diet feeding. Patch-clamp electrophysiological analysis demonstrated increased ghrelin-induced excitability of TH neurons in lean TH-RhoA-/- mice as compared to lean littermate control animals. Additionally, increased expression of the orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptides AgRP and NPY was observed in TH-RhoA-/- mice. Overall, our data indicate that TH neurons in ARC are important for the regulation of body weight homeostasis and that RhoA is a central effector in these neurons and important for the development of obesity-induced ghrelin resistance. The obese phenotype of TH-RhoA-/- mice may be due to increased sensitivity to ghrelin and decreased sensitivity to leptin, resulting in increased food intake. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
author = "Skov, {Louise J} and Cecilia Ratner and Hansen, {Nikolaj Winther} and Thompson, {Jonatan J.} and Egerod, {Kristoffer L} and Hayley Burm and Dalb{\o}ge, {Louise Schjellerup} and Hedegaard, {Morten A} and Cord Brakebusch and Pers, {Tune H} and Jean-Fran{\cc}ois Perrier and Birgitte Holst",
note = "Special Issue: The Ghrelin Symposium; July 13‐14 2018, Toronto, Canada. A Satellite Meeting to the International Congress of Neuroendocrinology",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1111/jne.12761",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
journal = "Journal of Neuroendocrinology",
issn = "0953-8194",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - RhoA in tyrosine hydroxylase neurons regulates food intake and body weight via altered sensitivity to peripheral hormones

AU - Skov, Louise J

AU - Ratner, Cecilia

AU - Hansen, Nikolaj Winther

AU - Thompson, Jonatan J.

AU - Egerod, Kristoffer L

AU - Burm, Hayley

AU - Dalbøge, Louise Schjellerup

AU - Hedegaard, Morten A

AU - Brakebusch, Cord

AU - Pers, Tune H

AU - Perrier, Jean-François

AU - Holst, Birgitte

N1 - Special Issue: The Ghrelin Symposium; July 13‐14 2018, Toronto, Canada. A Satellite Meeting to the International Congress of Neuroendocrinology

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Dopamine-producing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) have recently been shown to be involved in ghrelin signaling and body weight homeostasis. Here, we investigate the role of the intracellular regulator RhoA in hypothalamic TH neurons in response to peripheral hormones. Diet-induced obesity was found to be associated with increased phosphorylation of TH in ARC, indicating obesity-associated increased activity of ARC TH neurons. Mice, in which RhoA was specifically knocked out in TH neurons (TH-RhoA-/- mice), were more sensitive to the orexigenic effect of peripherally administered ghrelin and displayed an abolished response to the anorexigenic hormone leptin. When TH-RhoA-/- mice were challenged with a high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet, they became hyperphagic and gained more body weight and fat mass compared to wildtype control mice. Importantly, lack of RhoA prevented development of ghrelin resistance, which is normally observed in wildtype mice after long-term HFHS diet feeding. Patch-clamp electrophysiological analysis demonstrated increased ghrelin-induced excitability of TH neurons in lean TH-RhoA-/- mice as compared to lean littermate control animals. Additionally, increased expression of the orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptides AgRP and NPY was observed in TH-RhoA-/- mice. Overall, our data indicate that TH neurons in ARC are important for the regulation of body weight homeostasis and that RhoA is a central effector in these neurons and important for the development of obesity-induced ghrelin resistance. The obese phenotype of TH-RhoA-/- mice may be due to increased sensitivity to ghrelin and decreased sensitivity to leptin, resulting in increased food intake. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - Dopamine-producing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) have recently been shown to be involved in ghrelin signaling and body weight homeostasis. Here, we investigate the role of the intracellular regulator RhoA in hypothalamic TH neurons in response to peripheral hormones. Diet-induced obesity was found to be associated with increased phosphorylation of TH in ARC, indicating obesity-associated increased activity of ARC TH neurons. Mice, in which RhoA was specifically knocked out in TH neurons (TH-RhoA-/- mice), were more sensitive to the orexigenic effect of peripherally administered ghrelin and displayed an abolished response to the anorexigenic hormone leptin. When TH-RhoA-/- mice were challenged with a high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet, they became hyperphagic and gained more body weight and fat mass compared to wildtype control mice. Importantly, lack of RhoA prevented development of ghrelin resistance, which is normally observed in wildtype mice after long-term HFHS diet feeding. Patch-clamp electrophysiological analysis demonstrated increased ghrelin-induced excitability of TH neurons in lean TH-RhoA-/- mice as compared to lean littermate control animals. Additionally, increased expression of the orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptides AgRP and NPY was observed in TH-RhoA-/- mice. Overall, our data indicate that TH neurons in ARC are important for the regulation of body weight homeostasis and that RhoA is a central effector in these neurons and important for the development of obesity-induced ghrelin resistance. The obese phenotype of TH-RhoA-/- mice may be due to increased sensitivity to ghrelin and decreased sensitivity to leptin, resulting in increased food intake. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1111/jne.12761

DO - 10.1111/jne.12761

M3 - Conference article

VL - 31

JO - Journal of Neuroendocrinology

JF - Journal of Neuroendocrinology

SN - 0953-8194

IS - 7

M1 - UNSP e12761

ER -

ID: 226221202