Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark: a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation

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Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark : a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation. / Jensen, Pia Søe; Petersen, Janne; Kirketerp-Møller, Klaus; Poulsen, Ingrid; Andersen, Ove.

In: B M J Open, Vol. 7, No. 11, e016030, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, PS, Petersen, J, Kirketerp-Møller, K, Poulsen, I & Andersen, O 2017, 'Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark: a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation', B M J Open, vol. 7, no. 11, e016030. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016030

APA

Jensen, P. S., Petersen, J., Kirketerp-Møller, K., Poulsen, I., & Andersen, O. (2017). Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark: a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation. B M J Open, 7(11), [e016030]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016030

Vancouver

Jensen PS, Petersen J, Kirketerp-Møller K, Poulsen I, Andersen O. Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark: a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation. B M J Open. 2017;7(11). e016030. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016030

Author

Jensen, Pia Søe ; Petersen, Janne ; Kirketerp-Møller, Klaus ; Poulsen, Ingrid ; Andersen, Ove. / Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark : a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation. In: B M J Open. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 11.

Bibtex

@article{9f015a35096245ab8cf7cff56a2a07cd,
title = "Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark: a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Patients with non-traumatic lower extremity amputation are characterised by high age, multi-morbidity and polypharmacy and long-term complications of atherosclerosis and diabetes. To ensure early identification of patients at risk of amputation, we need to gain knowledge about the progression of diseases related to lower extremity amputations during the years preceding the amputation.DESIGN: A retrospective population-based national registry study.SETTING: The study includes data on demographics, diagnoses, surgery, medications and healthcare services from five national registries. Data were retrieved from 14 years before until 1 year after the amputation. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the progression of diseases and use of medication and healthcare services.PARTICIPANTS: An unselected cohort of patients (≥50 years; n=2883) subjected to a primary non-traumatic lower extremity amputation in 2010 or 2011 in Denmark.RESULTS: The prevalence of atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes was 70{\%}, 53{\%} and 49{\%}, respectively. Among patients with atherosclerosis, 42{\%} had not received cholesterol-lowering treatment even though 87{\%} had visited their general practitioner within the last year prior to amputation. Further, 16{\%} were diagnosed with diabetes at the time of the amputation. The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increased from 22{\%} to 70{\%}, atherosclerosis from 5{\%} to 53{\%} and diabetes from 17{\%} to 35{\%} over the 14 years preceding major amputation. Of all patients, 64{\%} had been in contact with the hospital or outpatient clinics within the last 3 years, and 29{\%} received a prescription of opioids 3 years prior to the amputation.CONCLUSION: Among patients with non-traumatic lower extremity amputation, one-third live with undiagnosed and untreated atherosclerosis and one-sixth suffer from undiagnosed diabetes despite continuous contacts to general practitioner and the hospital. This study emphasises a need for enhanced focus, among both hospital clinicians and general practitioners, on the early identification of atherosclerosis and diabetes.",
author = "Jensen, {Pia S{\o}e} and Janne Petersen and Klaus Kirketerp-M{\o}ller and Ingrid Poulsen and Ove Andersen",
note = "{\circledC} Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016030",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Progression of disease preceding lower extremity amputation in Denmark

T2 - a longitudinal registry study of diagnoses, use of medication and healthcare services 14 years prior to amputation

AU - Jensen, Pia Søe

AU - Petersen, Janne

AU - Kirketerp-Møller, Klaus

AU - Poulsen, Ingrid

AU - Andersen, Ove

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Patients with non-traumatic lower extremity amputation are characterised by high age, multi-morbidity and polypharmacy and long-term complications of atherosclerosis and diabetes. To ensure early identification of patients at risk of amputation, we need to gain knowledge about the progression of diseases related to lower extremity amputations during the years preceding the amputation.DESIGN: A retrospective population-based national registry study.SETTING: The study includes data on demographics, diagnoses, surgery, medications and healthcare services from five national registries. Data were retrieved from 14 years before until 1 year after the amputation. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the progression of diseases and use of medication and healthcare services.PARTICIPANTS: An unselected cohort of patients (≥50 years; n=2883) subjected to a primary non-traumatic lower extremity amputation in 2010 or 2011 in Denmark.RESULTS: The prevalence of atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes was 70%, 53% and 49%, respectively. Among patients with atherosclerosis, 42% had not received cholesterol-lowering treatment even though 87% had visited their general practitioner within the last year prior to amputation. Further, 16% were diagnosed with diabetes at the time of the amputation. The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increased from 22% to 70%, atherosclerosis from 5% to 53% and diabetes from 17% to 35% over the 14 years preceding major amputation. Of all patients, 64% had been in contact with the hospital or outpatient clinics within the last 3 years, and 29% received a prescription of opioids 3 years prior to the amputation.CONCLUSION: Among patients with non-traumatic lower extremity amputation, one-third live with undiagnosed and untreated atherosclerosis and one-sixth suffer from undiagnosed diabetes despite continuous contacts to general practitioner and the hospital. This study emphasises a need for enhanced focus, among both hospital clinicians and general practitioners, on the early identification of atherosclerosis and diabetes.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Patients with non-traumatic lower extremity amputation are characterised by high age, multi-morbidity and polypharmacy and long-term complications of atherosclerosis and diabetes. To ensure early identification of patients at risk of amputation, we need to gain knowledge about the progression of diseases related to lower extremity amputations during the years preceding the amputation.DESIGN: A retrospective population-based national registry study.SETTING: The study includes data on demographics, diagnoses, surgery, medications and healthcare services from five national registries. Data were retrieved from 14 years before until 1 year after the amputation. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the progression of diseases and use of medication and healthcare services.PARTICIPANTS: An unselected cohort of patients (≥50 years; n=2883) subjected to a primary non-traumatic lower extremity amputation in 2010 or 2011 in Denmark.RESULTS: The prevalence of atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes was 70%, 53% and 49%, respectively. Among patients with atherosclerosis, 42% had not received cholesterol-lowering treatment even though 87% had visited their general practitioner within the last year prior to amputation. Further, 16% were diagnosed with diabetes at the time of the amputation. The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increased from 22% to 70%, atherosclerosis from 5% to 53% and diabetes from 17% to 35% over the 14 years preceding major amputation. Of all patients, 64% had been in contact with the hospital or outpatient clinics within the last 3 years, and 29% received a prescription of opioids 3 years prior to the amputation.CONCLUSION: Among patients with non-traumatic lower extremity amputation, one-third live with undiagnosed and untreated atherosclerosis and one-sixth suffer from undiagnosed diabetes despite continuous contacts to general practitioner and the hospital. This study emphasises a need for enhanced focus, among both hospital clinicians and general practitioners, on the early identification of atherosclerosis and diabetes.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016030

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016030

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 11

M1 - e016030

ER -

ID: 196041432