Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus. / Bjerregaard, Victoria A; Garribba, Lorenza; McMurray, Cynthia T; Hickson, Ian D; Liu, Ying.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 115, No. 51, 2018, p. 13003-13008.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bjerregaard, VA, Garribba, L, McMurray, CT, Hickson, ID & Liu, Y 2018, 'Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 115, no. 51, pp. 13003-13008. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808377115

APA

Bjerregaard, V. A., Garribba, L., McMurray, C. T., Hickson, I. D., & Liu, Y. (2018). Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(51), 13003-13008. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808377115

Vancouver

Bjerregaard VA, Garribba L, McMurray CT, Hickson ID, Liu Y. Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2018;115(51):13003-13008. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808377115

Author

Bjerregaard, Victoria A ; Garribba, Lorenza ; McMurray, Cynthia T ; Hickson, Ian D ; Liu, Ying. / Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2018 ; Vol. 115, No. 51. pp. 13003-13008.

Bibtex

@article{3503864d2cc2409b9c8f1d4a615fe92d,
title = "Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus",
abstract = "The instability of chromosome fragile sites is implicated as a causative factor in several human diseases, including cancer [for common fragile sites (CFSs)] and neurological disorders [for rare fragile sites (RFSs)]. Previous studies have indicated that problems arising during DNA replication are the underlying source of this instability. Although the role of replication stress in promoting instability at CFSs is well documented, much less is known about how the fragility of RFSs arises. Many RFSs, as exemplified by expansion of a CGG trinucleotide repeat sequence in the fragile X syndrome-associated FRAXA locus, exhibit fragility in response to folate deficiency or other forms of {"}folate stress.{"} We hypothesized that such folate stress, through disturbing the replication program within the pathologically expanded repeats within FRAXA, would lead to mitotic abnormalities that exacerbate locus instability. Here, we show that folate stress leads to a dramatic increase in missegregation of FRAXA coupled with the formation of single-stranded DNA bridges in anaphase and micronuclei that contain the FRAXA locus. Moreover, chromosome X aneuploidy is seen when these cells are exposed to folate deficiency for an extended period. We propose that problematic FRAXA replication during interphase leads to a failure to disjoin the sister chromatids during anaphase. This generates further instability not only at FRAXA itself but also of chromosome X. These data have wider implications for the effects of folate deficiency on chromosome instability in human cells.",
keywords = "CGG trinucleotide repeats, Chromosome missegregation, Folate deficiency, FRAXA, RPA UFB, folate deficiency, chromosome missegregation",
author = "Bjerregaard, {Victoria A} and Lorenza Garribba and McMurray, {Cynthia T} and Hickson, {Ian D} and Ying Liu",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1808377115",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "13003--13008",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "51",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Folate deficiency drives mitotic missegregation of the human FRAXA locus

AU - Bjerregaard, Victoria A

AU - Garribba, Lorenza

AU - McMurray, Cynthia T

AU - Hickson, Ian D

AU - Liu, Ying

N1 - Copyright © 2018 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The instability of chromosome fragile sites is implicated as a causative factor in several human diseases, including cancer [for common fragile sites (CFSs)] and neurological disorders [for rare fragile sites (RFSs)]. Previous studies have indicated that problems arising during DNA replication are the underlying source of this instability. Although the role of replication stress in promoting instability at CFSs is well documented, much less is known about how the fragility of RFSs arises. Many RFSs, as exemplified by expansion of a CGG trinucleotide repeat sequence in the fragile X syndrome-associated FRAXA locus, exhibit fragility in response to folate deficiency or other forms of "folate stress." We hypothesized that such folate stress, through disturbing the replication program within the pathologically expanded repeats within FRAXA, would lead to mitotic abnormalities that exacerbate locus instability. Here, we show that folate stress leads to a dramatic increase in missegregation of FRAXA coupled with the formation of single-stranded DNA bridges in anaphase and micronuclei that contain the FRAXA locus. Moreover, chromosome X aneuploidy is seen when these cells are exposed to folate deficiency for an extended period. We propose that problematic FRAXA replication during interphase leads to a failure to disjoin the sister chromatids during anaphase. This generates further instability not only at FRAXA itself but also of chromosome X. These data have wider implications for the effects of folate deficiency on chromosome instability in human cells.

AB - The instability of chromosome fragile sites is implicated as a causative factor in several human diseases, including cancer [for common fragile sites (CFSs)] and neurological disorders [for rare fragile sites (RFSs)]. Previous studies have indicated that problems arising during DNA replication are the underlying source of this instability. Although the role of replication stress in promoting instability at CFSs is well documented, much less is known about how the fragility of RFSs arises. Many RFSs, as exemplified by expansion of a CGG trinucleotide repeat sequence in the fragile X syndrome-associated FRAXA locus, exhibit fragility in response to folate deficiency or other forms of "folate stress." We hypothesized that such folate stress, through disturbing the replication program within the pathologically expanded repeats within FRAXA, would lead to mitotic abnormalities that exacerbate locus instability. Here, we show that folate stress leads to a dramatic increase in missegregation of FRAXA coupled with the formation of single-stranded DNA bridges in anaphase and micronuclei that contain the FRAXA locus. Moreover, chromosome X aneuploidy is seen when these cells are exposed to folate deficiency for an extended period. We propose that problematic FRAXA replication during interphase leads to a failure to disjoin the sister chromatids during anaphase. This generates further instability not only at FRAXA itself but also of chromosome X. These data have wider implications for the effects of folate deficiency on chromosome instability in human cells.

KW - CGG trinucleotide repeats

KW - Chromosome missegregation

KW - Folate deficiency

KW - FRAXA

KW - RPA UFB

KW - folate deficiency

KW - chromosome missegregation

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1808377115

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1808377115

M3 - Journal article

VL - 115

SP - 13003

EP - 13008

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 51

ER -

ID: 209829899