Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees

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Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees. / Clausen, Thomas; Conway, Paul Maurice; Burr, Hermann; Kristensen, Tage S; Hansen, Åse Marie; Garde, Anne Helene; Hogh, Annie.

In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Vol. 92, No. 7, 2019, p. 941–948.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Clausen, T, Conway, PM, Burr, H, Kristensen, TS, Hansen, ÅM, Garde, AH & Hogh, A 2019, 'Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees', International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 941–948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01428-1

APA

Clausen, T., Conway, P. M., Burr, H., Kristensen, T. S., Hansen, Å. M., Garde, A. H., & Hogh, A. (2019). Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 92(7), 941–948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01428-1

Vancouver

Clausen T, Conway PM, Burr H, Kristensen TS, Hansen ÅM, Garde AH et al. Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2019;92(7):941–948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01428-1

Author

Clausen, Thomas ; Conway, Paul Maurice ; Burr, Hermann ; Kristensen, Tage S ; Hansen, Åse Marie ; Garde, Anne Helene ; Hogh, Annie. / Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees. In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2019 ; Vol. 92, No. 7. pp. 941–948.

Bibtex

@article{64228d942644431a9cec933ef056e2ce,
title = "Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning?: An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicts the risk of disability pensioning among employees in two occupational groups-(1) employees working with clients or customers and (2) office workers and manual workers-and whether leadership support and occupational group moderates that association.METHODS: Survey data from 24,538 employees (112,889 person years) were fitted to a national register containing information on disability-pension payments. Using multi-adjusted Cox-regression analysis, observations were followed in the register to assess the risk of disability pensioning. The average follow-up time was 4.6 years (standard deviation [SD] = 1.5).RESULTS: Self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicted an increased risk of disability pensioning (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.46; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-1.86). This association was moderated by leadership support: the association between workplace bullying and disability pensioning was significantly different for respondents who reported low leadership support (HR = 1.97; 95{\%} CI: 1.38-2.80) compared to respondents who reported medium (HR = 1.03; 95{\%} CI: 0.60-1.76) or high leadership support (HR = 1.08; 95{\%} CI: 0.60-1.95). Further analyses showed similar associations between workplace bullying and the risk of disability pensioning among the two occupational groups.CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported workplace bullying increases the risk of disability pensioning, and this association is buffered by leadership support. Workplace bullying should be considered an important workplace stressor. This study indicates that workplaces may enhance worker retention by actively promoting measures to eliminate the occurrence of workplace bullying and to enhance leadership support.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, Longitudinal study, Psychosocial work environment, Workplace mistreatment, Harassment, Early retirement, Quality of leadership",
author = "Thomas Clausen and Conway, {Paul Maurice} and Hermann Burr and Kristensen, {Tage S} and Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie} and Garde, {Anne Helene} and Annie Hogh",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1007/s00420-019-01428-1",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
pages = "941–948",
journal = "International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health",
issn = "0340-0131",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning?

T2 - An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees

AU - Clausen, Thomas

AU - Conway, Paul Maurice

AU - Burr, Hermann

AU - Kristensen, Tage S

AU - Hansen, Åse Marie

AU - Garde, Anne Helene

AU - Hogh, Annie

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicts the risk of disability pensioning among employees in two occupational groups-(1) employees working with clients or customers and (2) office workers and manual workers-and whether leadership support and occupational group moderates that association.METHODS: Survey data from 24,538 employees (112,889 person years) were fitted to a national register containing information on disability-pension payments. Using multi-adjusted Cox-regression analysis, observations were followed in the register to assess the risk of disability pensioning. The average follow-up time was 4.6 years (standard deviation [SD] = 1.5).RESULTS: Self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicted an increased risk of disability pensioning (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-1.86). This association was moderated by leadership support: the association between workplace bullying and disability pensioning was significantly different for respondents who reported low leadership support (HR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.38-2.80) compared to respondents who reported medium (HR = 1.03; 95% CI: 0.60-1.76) or high leadership support (HR = 1.08; 95% CI: 0.60-1.95). Further analyses showed similar associations between workplace bullying and the risk of disability pensioning among the two occupational groups.CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported workplace bullying increases the risk of disability pensioning, and this association is buffered by leadership support. Workplace bullying should be considered an important workplace stressor. This study indicates that workplaces may enhance worker retention by actively promoting measures to eliminate the occurrence of workplace bullying and to enhance leadership support.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicts the risk of disability pensioning among employees in two occupational groups-(1) employees working with clients or customers and (2) office workers and manual workers-and whether leadership support and occupational group moderates that association.METHODS: Survey data from 24,538 employees (112,889 person years) were fitted to a national register containing information on disability-pension payments. Using multi-adjusted Cox-regression analysis, observations were followed in the register to assess the risk of disability pensioning. The average follow-up time was 4.6 years (standard deviation [SD] = 1.5).RESULTS: Self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicted an increased risk of disability pensioning (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-1.86). This association was moderated by leadership support: the association between workplace bullying and disability pensioning was significantly different for respondents who reported low leadership support (HR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.38-2.80) compared to respondents who reported medium (HR = 1.03; 95% CI: 0.60-1.76) or high leadership support (HR = 1.08; 95% CI: 0.60-1.95). Further analyses showed similar associations between workplace bullying and the risk of disability pensioning among the two occupational groups.CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported workplace bullying increases the risk of disability pensioning, and this association is buffered by leadership support. Workplace bullying should be considered an important workplace stressor. This study indicates that workplaces may enhance worker retention by actively promoting measures to eliminate the occurrence of workplace bullying and to enhance leadership support.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - Longitudinal study

KW - Psychosocial work environment

KW - Workplace mistreatment

KW - Harassment

KW - Early retirement

KW - Quality of leadership

U2 - 10.1007/s00420-019-01428-1

DO - 10.1007/s00420-019-01428-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 92

SP - 941

EP - 948

JO - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

JF - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

SN - 0340-0131

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 217158573