Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects. / Zhu, Xiaorong; Zhou, An; Dey, Arunangsu; Norrbom, Christina; Carroll, Raymond; Zhang, Chunling; Laurent, Virginie; Lindberg, Iris; Ugleholdt, Randi; Holst, Jens Juul; Steiner, Donald F.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 99, No. 16, 06.08.2002, p. 10293-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Zhu, X, Zhou, A, Dey, A, Norrbom, C, Carroll, R, Zhang, C, Laurent, V, Lindberg, I, Ugleholdt, R, Holst, JJ & Steiner, DF 2002, 'Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 99, no. 16, pp. 10293-8. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.162352599

APA

Zhu, X., Zhou, A., Dey, A., Norrbom, C., Carroll, R., Zhang, C., ... Steiner, D. F. (2002). Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(16), 10293-8. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.162352599

Vancouver

Zhu X, Zhou A, Dey A, Norrbom C, Carroll R, Zhang C et al. Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2002 Aug 6;99(16):10293-8. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.162352599

Author

Zhu, Xiaorong ; Zhou, An ; Dey, Arunangsu ; Norrbom, Christina ; Carroll, Raymond ; Zhang, Chunling ; Laurent, Virginie ; Lindberg, Iris ; Ugleholdt, Randi ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Steiner, Donald F. / Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2002 ; Vol. 99, No. 16. pp. 10293-8.

Bibtex

@article{5c62de35c27147afab1400772459c0df,
title = "Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects",
abstract = "The subtilisin-like proprotein convertases PC1/3 (SPC3) and PC2 (SPC2) are believed to be the major endoproteolytic processing enzymes of the regulated secretory pathway. They are expressed together or separately in neuroendocrine cells throughout the brain and dispersed endocrine system in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Disruption of the gene-encoding mouse PC1/3 has now been accomplished and results in a syndrome of severe postnatal growth impairment and multiple defects in processing many hormone precursors, including hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), pituitary proopiomelanocortin to adrenocorticotropic hormone, islet proinsulin to insulin and intestinal proglucagon to glucagon-like peptide-1 and -2. Mice lacking PC1/3 are normal at birth, but fail to grow normally and are about 60{\%} of normal size at 10 weeks. They lack mature GHRH, have low pituitary growth hormone (GH) and hepatic insulin-like growth factor-1 mRNA levels and resemble phenotypically the {"}little{"} mouse (Gaylinn, B. D., Dealmeida, V. I., Lyons, C. E., Jr., Wu, K. C., Mayo, K. E. & Thorner, M. O. (1999) Endocrinology 140, 5066-5074) that has a mutant GHRH receptor. Despite a severe defect in pituitary proopiomelanocortin processing to mature adrenocorticotropic hormone, blood corticosterone levels are essentially normal. There is marked hyperproinsulinemia but without impairment of glucose tolerance. In contrast, PC2-null mice lack mature glucagon and are chronically hypoglycemic (Furuta, M., Yano, H., Zhou, A., Rouille, Y., Holst, J., Carroll, R., Ravazzola, M., Orci, L., Furuta, H. & Steiner, D. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6646-6651). The PC1/3-null mice differ from a human subject reported with compound heterozygosity for defects in this gene, who was of normal stature but markedly obese from early life. The PC1/3-null mice are not obese. The basis for these phenotypic differences is an interesting topic for further study. These findings prove the importance of PC1/3 as a key neuroendocrine convertase.",
keywords = "Adrenocorticotropic Hormone, Animals, Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases, Corticosterone, Dwarfism, Gene Expression, Gene Targeting, Glucagon, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Growth Hormone, Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Neurosecretory Systems, Peptide Fragments, Peptides, Pro-Opiomelanocortin, Proglucagon, Proinsulin, Proprotein Convertase 1, Proprotein Convertases, Protein Precursors, Protein Processing, Post-Translational",
author = "Xiaorong Zhu and An Zhou and Arunangsu Dey and Christina Norrbom and Raymond Carroll and Chunling Zhang and Virginie Laurent and Iris Lindberg and Randi Ugleholdt and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Steiner, {Donald F}",
year = "2002",
month = "8",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.162352599",
language = "English",
volume = "99",
pages = "10293--8",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "16",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disruption of PC1/3 expression in mice causes dwarfism and multiple neuroendocrine peptide processing defects

AU - Zhu, Xiaorong

AU - Zhou, An

AU - Dey, Arunangsu

AU - Norrbom, Christina

AU - Carroll, Raymond

AU - Zhang, Chunling

AU - Laurent, Virginie

AU - Lindberg, Iris

AU - Ugleholdt, Randi

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Steiner, Donald F

PY - 2002/8/6

Y1 - 2002/8/6

N2 - The subtilisin-like proprotein convertases PC1/3 (SPC3) and PC2 (SPC2) are believed to be the major endoproteolytic processing enzymes of the regulated secretory pathway. They are expressed together or separately in neuroendocrine cells throughout the brain and dispersed endocrine system in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Disruption of the gene-encoding mouse PC1/3 has now been accomplished and results in a syndrome of severe postnatal growth impairment and multiple defects in processing many hormone precursors, including hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), pituitary proopiomelanocortin to adrenocorticotropic hormone, islet proinsulin to insulin and intestinal proglucagon to glucagon-like peptide-1 and -2. Mice lacking PC1/3 are normal at birth, but fail to grow normally and are about 60% of normal size at 10 weeks. They lack mature GHRH, have low pituitary growth hormone (GH) and hepatic insulin-like growth factor-1 mRNA levels and resemble phenotypically the "little" mouse (Gaylinn, B. D., Dealmeida, V. I., Lyons, C. E., Jr., Wu, K. C., Mayo, K. E. & Thorner, M. O. (1999) Endocrinology 140, 5066-5074) that has a mutant GHRH receptor. Despite a severe defect in pituitary proopiomelanocortin processing to mature adrenocorticotropic hormone, blood corticosterone levels are essentially normal. There is marked hyperproinsulinemia but without impairment of glucose tolerance. In contrast, PC2-null mice lack mature glucagon and are chronically hypoglycemic (Furuta, M., Yano, H., Zhou, A., Rouille, Y., Holst, J., Carroll, R., Ravazzola, M., Orci, L., Furuta, H. & Steiner, D. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6646-6651). The PC1/3-null mice differ from a human subject reported with compound heterozygosity for defects in this gene, who was of normal stature but markedly obese from early life. The PC1/3-null mice are not obese. The basis for these phenotypic differences is an interesting topic for further study. These findings prove the importance of PC1/3 as a key neuroendocrine convertase.

AB - The subtilisin-like proprotein convertases PC1/3 (SPC3) and PC2 (SPC2) are believed to be the major endoproteolytic processing enzymes of the regulated secretory pathway. They are expressed together or separately in neuroendocrine cells throughout the brain and dispersed endocrine system in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Disruption of the gene-encoding mouse PC1/3 has now been accomplished and results in a syndrome of severe postnatal growth impairment and multiple defects in processing many hormone precursors, including hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), pituitary proopiomelanocortin to adrenocorticotropic hormone, islet proinsulin to insulin and intestinal proglucagon to glucagon-like peptide-1 and -2. Mice lacking PC1/3 are normal at birth, but fail to grow normally and are about 60% of normal size at 10 weeks. They lack mature GHRH, have low pituitary growth hormone (GH) and hepatic insulin-like growth factor-1 mRNA levels and resemble phenotypically the "little" mouse (Gaylinn, B. D., Dealmeida, V. I., Lyons, C. E., Jr., Wu, K. C., Mayo, K. E. & Thorner, M. O. (1999) Endocrinology 140, 5066-5074) that has a mutant GHRH receptor. Despite a severe defect in pituitary proopiomelanocortin processing to mature adrenocorticotropic hormone, blood corticosterone levels are essentially normal. There is marked hyperproinsulinemia but without impairment of glucose tolerance. In contrast, PC2-null mice lack mature glucagon and are chronically hypoglycemic (Furuta, M., Yano, H., Zhou, A., Rouille, Y., Holst, J., Carroll, R., Ravazzola, M., Orci, L., Furuta, H. & Steiner, D. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6646-6651). The PC1/3-null mice differ from a human subject reported with compound heterozygosity for defects in this gene, who was of normal stature but markedly obese from early life. The PC1/3-null mice are not obese. The basis for these phenotypic differences is an interesting topic for further study. These findings prove the importance of PC1/3 as a key neuroendocrine convertase.

KW - Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

KW - Animals

KW - Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases

KW - Corticosterone

KW - Dwarfism

KW - Gene Expression

KW - Gene Targeting

KW - Glucagon

KW - Glucagon-Like Peptide 1

KW - Growth Hormone

KW - Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone

KW - Insulin-Like Growth Factor I

KW - Mice

KW - Mice, Knockout

KW - Nerve Tissue Proteins

KW - Neurosecretory Systems

KW - Peptide Fragments

KW - Peptides

KW - Pro-Opiomelanocortin

KW - Proglucagon

KW - Proinsulin

KW - Proprotein Convertase 1

KW - Proprotein Convertases

KW - Protein Precursors

KW - Protein Processing, Post-Translational

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.162352599

DO - 10.1073/pnas.162352599

M3 - Journal article

VL - 99

SP - 10293

EP - 10298

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 16

ER -

ID: 132056512