Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants. / Kooij, Pepijn Wilhelmus; Liberti, Joanito; Giampoudakis, Konstantinos; Schiøtt, Morten; Boomsma, Jacobus Jan.

In: PLOS ONE, Vol. 9, No. 4, e94284, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Kooij, PW, Liberti, J, Giampoudakis, K, Schiøtt, M & Boomsma, JJ 2014, 'Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants', PLOS ONE, vol. 9, no. 4, e94284. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094284

APA

Kooij, P. W., Liberti, J., Giampoudakis, K., Schiøtt, M., & Boomsma, J. J. (2014). Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants. PLOS ONE, 9(4), [e94284]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094284

Vancouver

Kooij PW, Liberti J, Giampoudakis K, Schiøtt M, Boomsma JJ. Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(4). e94284. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094284

Author

Kooij, Pepijn Wilhelmus ; Liberti, Joanito ; Giampoudakis, Konstantinos ; Schiøtt, Morten ; Boomsma, Jacobus Jan. / Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants. In: PLOS ONE. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 4.

Bibtex

@article{7d98499fc8c64353a8325bb0366e1d61,
title = "Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants",
abstract = "The genera Atta and Acromyrmex are often grouped as leaf-cutting ants for pest management assessments and ecological surveys, although their mature colony sizes and foraging niches may differ substantially. Few studies have addressed such interspecific differences at the same site, which prompted us to conduct a comparative study across six sympatric leaf- cutting ant species in Central Panama. We show that foraging rates during the transition between dry and wet season differ about 60 fold between genera, but are relatively constant across species within genera. These differences appear to match overall differences in colony size, especially when Atta workers that return to their nests without leaves are assumed to carry liquid food. We confirm that Panamanian Atta specialize primarily on tree-leaves whereas Acromyrmex focus on collecting flowers and herbal leaves and that species within genera are similar in these overall foraging strategies. Species within genera tended to be spaced out over the three habitat categories that we distinguished (forest, forest edge, open grassland), but each of these habitats normally had only a single predominant Atta and Acromyrmex species. We measured activities of twelve fungus garden decomposition enzymes, belonging to the amylases, cellulases, hemicellulases, pectinases and proteinases, and show that average enzyme activity per unit of fungal mass in Atta gardens is lower than in Acromyrmex gardens. Expression profiles of fungal enzymes in Atta also appeared to be more specialized than in Acromyrmex, possibly reflecting variation in forage material. Our results suggest that species- and genus-level identities of leaf-cutting ants and habitat-specific foraging profiles may give predictable differences in the expression of fungal genes coding for decomposition enzymes.",
keywords = "The Faculty of Science, Ants, Enzymes, Flowers, foraging, forests, Fungi, habitats, species diversity",
author = "Kooij, {Pepijn Wilhelmus} and Joanito Liberti and Konstantinos Giampoudakis and Morten Schi{\o}tt and Boomsma, {Jacobus Jan}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0094284",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in forage-acquisition and fungal enzyme activity contribute to niche segregation in Panamanian leaf-cutting ants

AU - Kooij, Pepijn Wilhelmus

AU - Liberti, Joanito

AU - Giampoudakis, Konstantinos

AU - Schiøtt, Morten

AU - Boomsma, Jacobus Jan

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The genera Atta and Acromyrmex are often grouped as leaf-cutting ants for pest management assessments and ecological surveys, although their mature colony sizes and foraging niches may differ substantially. Few studies have addressed such interspecific differences at the same site, which prompted us to conduct a comparative study across six sympatric leaf- cutting ant species in Central Panama. We show that foraging rates during the transition between dry and wet season differ about 60 fold between genera, but are relatively constant across species within genera. These differences appear to match overall differences in colony size, especially when Atta workers that return to their nests without leaves are assumed to carry liquid food. We confirm that Panamanian Atta specialize primarily on tree-leaves whereas Acromyrmex focus on collecting flowers and herbal leaves and that species within genera are similar in these overall foraging strategies. Species within genera tended to be spaced out over the three habitat categories that we distinguished (forest, forest edge, open grassland), but each of these habitats normally had only a single predominant Atta and Acromyrmex species. We measured activities of twelve fungus garden decomposition enzymes, belonging to the amylases, cellulases, hemicellulases, pectinases and proteinases, and show that average enzyme activity per unit of fungal mass in Atta gardens is lower than in Acromyrmex gardens. Expression profiles of fungal enzymes in Atta also appeared to be more specialized than in Acromyrmex, possibly reflecting variation in forage material. Our results suggest that species- and genus-level identities of leaf-cutting ants and habitat-specific foraging profiles may give predictable differences in the expression of fungal genes coding for decomposition enzymes.

AB - The genera Atta and Acromyrmex are often grouped as leaf-cutting ants for pest management assessments and ecological surveys, although their mature colony sizes and foraging niches may differ substantially. Few studies have addressed such interspecific differences at the same site, which prompted us to conduct a comparative study across six sympatric leaf- cutting ant species in Central Panama. We show that foraging rates during the transition between dry and wet season differ about 60 fold between genera, but are relatively constant across species within genera. These differences appear to match overall differences in colony size, especially when Atta workers that return to their nests without leaves are assumed to carry liquid food. We confirm that Panamanian Atta specialize primarily on tree-leaves whereas Acromyrmex focus on collecting flowers and herbal leaves and that species within genera are similar in these overall foraging strategies. Species within genera tended to be spaced out over the three habitat categories that we distinguished (forest, forest edge, open grassland), but each of these habitats normally had only a single predominant Atta and Acromyrmex species. We measured activities of twelve fungus garden decomposition enzymes, belonging to the amylases, cellulases, hemicellulases, pectinases and proteinases, and show that average enzyme activity per unit of fungal mass in Atta gardens is lower than in Acromyrmex gardens. Expression profiles of fungal enzymes in Atta also appeared to be more specialized than in Acromyrmex, possibly reflecting variation in forage material. Our results suggest that species- and genus-level identities of leaf-cutting ants and habitat-specific foraging profiles may give predictable differences in the expression of fungal genes coding for decomposition enzymes.

KW - The Faculty of Science

KW - Ants

KW - Enzymes

KW - Flowers

KW - foraging

KW - forests

KW - Fungi

KW - habitats

KW - species diversity

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0094284

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0094284

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 4

M1 - e94284

ER -

ID: 111431785