Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial: a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial : a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial. / Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria; Frost, Mads; Ritz, Christian; Christensen, Ellen Margrethe; Jacoby, A S; Mikkelsen, R L; Knorr, Ulla Benedichte Søsted; Bardram, Jakob; Vinberg, Maj; Kessing, Lars Vedel.

In: Psychological Medicine, Vol. 45, No. 13, 2015, p. 2691-2704.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Faurholt-Jepsen, M, Frost, M, Ritz, C, Christensen, EM, Jacoby, AS, Mikkelsen, RL, Knorr, UBS, Bardram, J, Vinberg, M & Kessing, LV 2015, 'Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial: a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial', Psychological Medicine, vol. 45, no. 13, pp. 2691-2704. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291715000410

APA

Faurholt-Jepsen, M., Frost, M., Ritz, C., Christensen, E. M., Jacoby, A. S., Mikkelsen, R. L., ... Kessing, L. V. (2015). Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial: a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial. Psychological Medicine, 45(13), 2691-2704. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291715000410

Vancouver

Faurholt-Jepsen M, Frost M, Ritz C, Christensen EM, Jacoby AS, Mikkelsen RL et al. Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial: a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial. Psychological Medicine. 2015;45(13):2691-2704. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291715000410

Author

Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria ; Frost, Mads ; Ritz, Christian ; Christensen, Ellen Margrethe ; Jacoby, A S ; Mikkelsen, R L ; Knorr, Ulla Benedichte Søsted ; Bardram, Jakob ; Vinberg, Maj ; Kessing, Lars Vedel. / Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial : a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial. In: Psychological Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 45, No. 13. pp. 2691-2704.

Bibtex

@article{7ba4baad0e4f467cac376bc3faf08ae8,
title = "Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial: a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The number of studies on electronic self-monitoring in affective disorder and other psychiatric disorders is increasing and indicates high patient acceptance and adherence. Nevertheless, the effect of electronic self-monitoring in patients with bipolar disorder has never been investigated in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The objective of this trial was to investigate in a RCT whether the use of daily electronic self-monitoring using smartphones reduces depressive and manic symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder.METHOD: A total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder according to ICD-10 criteria, aged 18-60 years, and with 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) scores ≤17 were randomized to the use of a smartphone for daily self-monitoring including a clinical feedback loop (the intervention group) or to the use of a smartphone for normal communicative purposes (the control group) for 6 months. The primary outcomes were differences in depressive and manic symptoms measured using HAMD-17 and YMRS, respectively, between the intervention and control groups.RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses using linear mixed models showed no significant effects of daily self-monitoring using smartphones on depressive as well as manic symptoms. There was a tendency towards more sustained depressive symptoms in the intervention group (B = 2.02, 95{\%} confidence interval -0.13 to 4.17, p = 0.066). Sub-group analysis among patients without mixed symptoms and patients with presence of depressive and manic symptoms showed significantly more depressive symptoms and fewer manic symptoms during the trial period in the intervention group.CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight that electronic self-monitoring, although intuitive and appealing, needs critical consideration and further clarification before it is implemented as a clinical tool.",
author = "Maria Faurholt-Jepsen and Mads Frost and Christian Ritz and Christensen, {Ellen Margrethe} and Jacoby, {A S} and Mikkelsen, {R L} and Knorr, {Ulla Benedichte S{\o}sted} and Jakob Bardram and Maj Vinberg and Kessing, {Lars Vedel}",
note = "CURIS 2015 NEXS 332",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1017/S0033291715000410",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "2691--2704",
journal = "Psychological Medicine",
issn = "0033-2917",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "13",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Daily electronic self-monitoring in bipolar disorder using smartphones - the MONARCA I trial

T2 - a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group trial

AU - Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria

AU - Frost, Mads

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Christensen, Ellen Margrethe

AU - Jacoby, A S

AU - Mikkelsen, R L

AU - Knorr, Ulla Benedichte Søsted

AU - Bardram, Jakob

AU - Vinberg, Maj

AU - Kessing, Lars Vedel

N1 - CURIS 2015 NEXS 332

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - BACKGROUND: The number of studies on electronic self-monitoring in affective disorder and other psychiatric disorders is increasing and indicates high patient acceptance and adherence. Nevertheless, the effect of electronic self-monitoring in patients with bipolar disorder has never been investigated in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The objective of this trial was to investigate in a RCT whether the use of daily electronic self-monitoring using smartphones reduces depressive and manic symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder.METHOD: A total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder according to ICD-10 criteria, aged 18-60 years, and with 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) scores ≤17 were randomized to the use of a smartphone for daily self-monitoring including a clinical feedback loop (the intervention group) or to the use of a smartphone for normal communicative purposes (the control group) for 6 months. The primary outcomes were differences in depressive and manic symptoms measured using HAMD-17 and YMRS, respectively, between the intervention and control groups.RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses using linear mixed models showed no significant effects of daily self-monitoring using smartphones on depressive as well as manic symptoms. There was a tendency towards more sustained depressive symptoms in the intervention group (B = 2.02, 95% confidence interval -0.13 to 4.17, p = 0.066). Sub-group analysis among patients without mixed symptoms and patients with presence of depressive and manic symptoms showed significantly more depressive symptoms and fewer manic symptoms during the trial period in the intervention group.CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight that electronic self-monitoring, although intuitive and appealing, needs critical consideration and further clarification before it is implemented as a clinical tool.

AB - BACKGROUND: The number of studies on electronic self-monitoring in affective disorder and other psychiatric disorders is increasing and indicates high patient acceptance and adherence. Nevertheless, the effect of electronic self-monitoring in patients with bipolar disorder has never been investigated in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The objective of this trial was to investigate in a RCT whether the use of daily electronic self-monitoring using smartphones reduces depressive and manic symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder.METHOD: A total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder according to ICD-10 criteria, aged 18-60 years, and with 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) scores ≤17 were randomized to the use of a smartphone for daily self-monitoring including a clinical feedback loop (the intervention group) or to the use of a smartphone for normal communicative purposes (the control group) for 6 months. The primary outcomes were differences in depressive and manic symptoms measured using HAMD-17 and YMRS, respectively, between the intervention and control groups.RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses using linear mixed models showed no significant effects of daily self-monitoring using smartphones on depressive as well as manic symptoms. There was a tendency towards more sustained depressive symptoms in the intervention group (B = 2.02, 95% confidence interval -0.13 to 4.17, p = 0.066). Sub-group analysis among patients without mixed symptoms and patients with presence of depressive and manic symptoms showed significantly more depressive symptoms and fewer manic symptoms during the trial period in the intervention group.CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight that electronic self-monitoring, although intuitive and appealing, needs critical consideration and further clarification before it is implemented as a clinical tool.

U2 - 10.1017/S0033291715000410

DO - 10.1017/S0033291715000410

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 2691

EP - 2704

JO - Psychological Medicine

JF - Psychological Medicine

SN - 0033-2917

IS - 13

ER -

ID: 143886626