Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes

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Standard

Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes. / Mandøe, Mette Johannsen; Hansen, Katrine Bagge; Windeløv, Johanne Agerlin; Knop, Filip Krag; Rehfeld, Jens Frederik; Rosenkilde, Mette Marie; Holst, Jens Juul; Hansen, Harald Severin.

In: Nutrition and Diabetes, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2, 2018, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Mandøe, MJ, Hansen, KB, Windeløv, JA, Knop, FK, Rehfeld, JF, Rosenkilde, MM, Holst, JJ & Hansen, HS 2018, 'Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes', Nutrition and Diabetes, vol. 8, no. 1, 2, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z

APA

Mandøe, M. J., Hansen, K. B., Windeløv, J. A., Knop, F. K., Rehfeld, J. F., Rosenkilde, M. M., ... Hansen, H. S. (2018). Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes. Nutrition and Diabetes, 8(1), 1-10. [2]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z

Vancouver

Mandøe MJ, Hansen KB, Windeløv JA, Knop FK, Rehfeld JF, Rosenkilde MM et al. Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes. Nutrition and Diabetes. 2018;8(1):1-10. 2. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z

Author

Mandøe, Mette Johannsen ; Hansen, Katrine Bagge ; Windeløv, Johanne Agerlin ; Knop, Filip Krag ; Rehfeld, Jens Frederik ; Rosenkilde, Mette Marie ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Hansen, Harald Severin. / Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes. In: Nutrition and Diabetes. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 1-10.

Bibtex

@article{b32e5ce8282a48bdbe601fc7f47a4f5d,
title = "Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: After digestion, dietary triacylglycerol stimulates incretin release in humans, mainly through generation of 2-monoacylglycerol, an agonist for the intestinal G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119). Enhanced incretin release may have beneficial metabolic effects. However, dietary fat may promote weight gain and should therefore be restricted in obesity. We designed C4-dietary oil (1,3-di-butyryl-2-oleoyl glycerol) as a 2-oleoyl glycerol (2-OG)-generating fat type, which would stimulate incretin release to the same extent while providing less calories than equimolar amounts of common triglycerides, e.g., olive oil.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied the effect over 180 min of (a) 19 g olive oil plus 200 g carrot, (b) 10.7 g C4 dietary oil plus 200 g carrot and (c) 200 g carrot, respectively, on plasma responses of gut and pancreatic hormones in 13 overweight patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Theoretically, both oil meals result in formation of 7.7 g 2-OG during digestion.RESULTS: Both olive oil and C4-dietary oil resulted in greater postprandial (P ≤ 0.01) glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) responses (incremental area under curve (iAUC)): iAUCGLP-1: 645 ± 194 and 702 ± 97 pM × min; iAUCGIP: 4,338 ± 764 and 2,894 ± 601 pM × min) compared to the carrot meal (iAUCGLP-1: 7 ± 103 pM × min; iAUCGIP: 266 ± 234 pM × min). iAUC for GLP-1 and GIP were similar for C4-dietary oil and olive oil, although olive oil resulted in a higher peak value for GIP than C4-dietary oil.CONCLUSION: C4-dietary oil enhanced secretion of GLP-1 and GIP to almost the same extent as olive oil, in spite of liberation of both 2-OG and oleic acid, which also may stimulate incretin secretion, from olive oil. Thus, C4-dietary oil is more effective as incretin releaser than olive oil per unit of energy and may be useful for dietary intervention.",
author = "Mand{\o}e, {Mette Johannsen} and Hansen, {Katrine Bagge} and Windel{\o}v, {Johanne Agerlin} and Knop, {Filip Krag} and Rehfeld, {Jens Frederik} and Rosenkilde, {Mette Marie} and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Hansen, {Harald Severin}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Nutrition and Diabetes",
issn = "2044-4052",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes

AU - Mandøe, Mette Johannsen

AU - Hansen, Katrine Bagge

AU - Windeløv, Johanne Agerlin

AU - Knop, Filip Krag

AU - Rehfeld, Jens Frederik

AU - Rosenkilde, Mette Marie

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Hansen, Harald Severin

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: After digestion, dietary triacylglycerol stimulates incretin release in humans, mainly through generation of 2-monoacylglycerol, an agonist for the intestinal G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119). Enhanced incretin release may have beneficial metabolic effects. However, dietary fat may promote weight gain and should therefore be restricted in obesity. We designed C4-dietary oil (1,3-di-butyryl-2-oleoyl glycerol) as a 2-oleoyl glycerol (2-OG)-generating fat type, which would stimulate incretin release to the same extent while providing less calories than equimolar amounts of common triglycerides, e.g., olive oil.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied the effect over 180 min of (a) 19 g olive oil plus 200 g carrot, (b) 10.7 g C4 dietary oil plus 200 g carrot and (c) 200 g carrot, respectively, on plasma responses of gut and pancreatic hormones in 13 overweight patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Theoretically, both oil meals result in formation of 7.7 g 2-OG during digestion.RESULTS: Both olive oil and C4-dietary oil resulted in greater postprandial (P ≤ 0.01) glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) responses (incremental area under curve (iAUC)): iAUCGLP-1: 645 ± 194 and 702 ± 97 pM × min; iAUCGIP: 4,338 ± 764 and 2,894 ± 601 pM × min) compared to the carrot meal (iAUCGLP-1: 7 ± 103 pM × min; iAUCGIP: 266 ± 234 pM × min). iAUC for GLP-1 and GIP were similar for C4-dietary oil and olive oil, although olive oil resulted in a higher peak value for GIP than C4-dietary oil.CONCLUSION: C4-dietary oil enhanced secretion of GLP-1 and GIP to almost the same extent as olive oil, in spite of liberation of both 2-OG and oleic acid, which also may stimulate incretin secretion, from olive oil. Thus, C4-dietary oil is more effective as incretin releaser than olive oil per unit of energy and may be useful for dietary intervention.

AB - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: After digestion, dietary triacylglycerol stimulates incretin release in humans, mainly through generation of 2-monoacylglycerol, an agonist for the intestinal G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119). Enhanced incretin release may have beneficial metabolic effects. However, dietary fat may promote weight gain and should therefore be restricted in obesity. We designed C4-dietary oil (1,3-di-butyryl-2-oleoyl glycerol) as a 2-oleoyl glycerol (2-OG)-generating fat type, which would stimulate incretin release to the same extent while providing less calories than equimolar amounts of common triglycerides, e.g., olive oil.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied the effect over 180 min of (a) 19 g olive oil plus 200 g carrot, (b) 10.7 g C4 dietary oil plus 200 g carrot and (c) 200 g carrot, respectively, on plasma responses of gut and pancreatic hormones in 13 overweight patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Theoretically, both oil meals result in formation of 7.7 g 2-OG during digestion.RESULTS: Both olive oil and C4-dietary oil resulted in greater postprandial (P ≤ 0.01) glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) responses (incremental area under curve (iAUC)): iAUCGLP-1: 645 ± 194 and 702 ± 97 pM × min; iAUCGIP: 4,338 ± 764 and 2,894 ± 601 pM × min) compared to the carrot meal (iAUCGLP-1: 7 ± 103 pM × min; iAUCGIP: 266 ± 234 pM × min). iAUC for GLP-1 and GIP were similar for C4-dietary oil and olive oil, although olive oil resulted in a higher peak value for GIP than C4-dietary oil.CONCLUSION: C4-dietary oil enhanced secretion of GLP-1 and GIP to almost the same extent as olive oil, in spite of liberation of both 2-OG and oleic acid, which also may stimulate incretin secretion, from olive oil. Thus, C4-dietary oil is more effective as incretin releaser than olive oil per unit of energy and may be useful for dietary intervention.

U2 - 10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z

DO - 10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Nutrition and Diabetes

JF - Nutrition and Diabetes

SN - 2044-4052

IS - 1

M1 - 2

ER -

ID: 191301414