Anthelmintic resistance and novel control options in equine gastrointestinal nematodes

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Ali Raza, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Khizar Hayat, Shoaib Ashraf, Andrew R. Williams

Control of equine nematodes has relied on benzimidazoles (BZs), tetrahydropyrimidines and macrocyclic lactones. The intensive use of anthelmintics has led to the development of anthelmintic resistance (AR) in equine cyathostomins and Parascaris equorum. Field studies indicate that BZ and pyrantel resistance is widespread in cyathostomins and there are also increasing reports of resistance to macrocyclic lactones in cyathostomins and P. equorum. The unavailability of reliable laboratory-based techniques for detecting resistance further augments the problem of nematode control in horses. The only reliable test used in horses is the fecal egg count reduction test; therefore, more focus should be given to develop and validate improved methodologies for diagnosing AR at an early stage, as well as determining the mechanisms involved in resistance development. Therefore, equine industry and researchers should devise and implement new strategies for equine worm control, such as the use of bioactive pastures or novel feed additives, and control should increasingly incorporate alternative and evidence-based parasite control strategies to limit the development of AR. This review describes the history and prevalence of AR in equine nematodes, along with recent advances in developing resistance diagnostic tests and worm control strategies in horses, as well as giving some perspective on recent research into novel control strategies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalParasitology
Volume146
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)425-437
ISSN0031-1820
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Anthelmintic resistance, development, diagnosis, equines, gastrointestinal nematodes, history, management of anthelmintic resistance, plant bioactives, prevalence

ID: 209687779