A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds

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A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds. / Schemeth, Dieter; Nielsen, Nikoline J.; Andersson, Jan T.; Christensen, Jan H.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 235, 01.11.2019, p. 175-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Schemeth, D, Nielsen, NJ, Andersson, JT & Christensen, JH 2019, 'A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds', Chemosphere, vol. 235, pp. 175-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.149

APA

Schemeth, D., Nielsen, N. J., Andersson, J. T., & Christensen, J. H. (2019). A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds. Chemosphere, 235, 175-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.149

Vancouver

Schemeth D, Nielsen NJ, Andersson JT, Christensen JH. A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds. Chemosphere. 2019 Nov 1;235:175-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.149

Author

Schemeth, Dieter ; Nielsen, Nikoline J. ; Andersson, Jan T. ; Christensen, Jan H. / A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds. In: Chemosphere. 2019 ; Vol. 235. pp. 175-184.

Bibtex

@article{16e0176909f64f8d932cd3c4e1606c8f,
title = "A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds",
abstract = "Polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) possess toxicity towards humans, and their presence in the environment is unwanted. Polar transformation products (TPs) are more mobile, and can be considered emerging contaminants, as they represent a more bioavailable carrier of the same toxic properties. Acidic TPs has been proposed as an important class of polar TPs. This study presents a tiered analytical approach to investigate acidic and polar PAC TPs in environmental conditions. The tiered approach exploits target analysis for quantification of acids; suspect screening for tentative identification based on retention time and spectral matching using databases; and finally non-target analysis based on chromatography and data independent broadband MS to highlight potentially unknown analyte peaks. The approach includes a mixed-mode anion exchange solid phase extraction (MAX-SPE) to fractionate neutral and acidic compounds, and is applied to three cases: I) Photo-oxidation of six PACs generated suspected hydroxylated-, carbonylated- and carboxylated PACs but also proposed the presence of mono- and dicarboxylic acids, which have not been reported elsewhere. For a subset of four acids, conversion rates were determined. II) Recovery of spiked acids from diesel spilled harbor water was 80{\%} by LC-MS, and diesel spill weathering was evaluated from the neutral fraction by GC-MS. III) By non-target analysis sulfonated PACs, presumable derived from photo-oxidation, were detected in run-off basins of an arctic landfarm, alongside hypothesized naturally occuring fatty acids. The tiered approach is a sensitive and versatile tool to extract information on PACs and their polar TPs from polluted environmental sites.",
keywords = "Environmental arctic pollution, GC-MS, Group-type fractionation, LC-MS, Non-target analysis, PAC transformation, Suspect screening",
author = "Dieter Schemeth and Nielsen, {Nikoline J.} and Andersson, {Jan T.} and Christensen, {Jan H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.149",
language = "English",
volume = "235",
pages = "175--184",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A tiered analytical approach for target, non-target and suspect screening analysis of polar transformation products of polycyclic aromatic compounds

AU - Schemeth, Dieter

AU - Nielsen, Nikoline J.

AU - Andersson, Jan T.

AU - Christensen, Jan H.

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - Polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) possess toxicity towards humans, and their presence in the environment is unwanted. Polar transformation products (TPs) are more mobile, and can be considered emerging contaminants, as they represent a more bioavailable carrier of the same toxic properties. Acidic TPs has been proposed as an important class of polar TPs. This study presents a tiered analytical approach to investigate acidic and polar PAC TPs in environmental conditions. The tiered approach exploits target analysis for quantification of acids; suspect screening for tentative identification based on retention time and spectral matching using databases; and finally non-target analysis based on chromatography and data independent broadband MS to highlight potentially unknown analyte peaks. The approach includes a mixed-mode anion exchange solid phase extraction (MAX-SPE) to fractionate neutral and acidic compounds, and is applied to three cases: I) Photo-oxidation of six PACs generated suspected hydroxylated-, carbonylated- and carboxylated PACs but also proposed the presence of mono- and dicarboxylic acids, which have not been reported elsewhere. For a subset of four acids, conversion rates were determined. II) Recovery of spiked acids from diesel spilled harbor water was 80% by LC-MS, and diesel spill weathering was evaluated from the neutral fraction by GC-MS. III) By non-target analysis sulfonated PACs, presumable derived from photo-oxidation, were detected in run-off basins of an arctic landfarm, alongside hypothesized naturally occuring fatty acids. The tiered approach is a sensitive and versatile tool to extract information on PACs and their polar TPs from polluted environmental sites.

AB - Polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) possess toxicity towards humans, and their presence in the environment is unwanted. Polar transformation products (TPs) are more mobile, and can be considered emerging contaminants, as they represent a more bioavailable carrier of the same toxic properties. Acidic TPs has been proposed as an important class of polar TPs. This study presents a tiered analytical approach to investigate acidic and polar PAC TPs in environmental conditions. The tiered approach exploits target analysis for quantification of acids; suspect screening for tentative identification based on retention time and spectral matching using databases; and finally non-target analysis based on chromatography and data independent broadband MS to highlight potentially unknown analyte peaks. The approach includes a mixed-mode anion exchange solid phase extraction (MAX-SPE) to fractionate neutral and acidic compounds, and is applied to three cases: I) Photo-oxidation of six PACs generated suspected hydroxylated-, carbonylated- and carboxylated PACs but also proposed the presence of mono- and dicarboxylic acids, which have not been reported elsewhere. For a subset of four acids, conversion rates were determined. II) Recovery of spiked acids from diesel spilled harbor water was 80% by LC-MS, and diesel spill weathering was evaluated from the neutral fraction by GC-MS. III) By non-target analysis sulfonated PACs, presumable derived from photo-oxidation, were detected in run-off basins of an arctic landfarm, alongside hypothesized naturally occuring fatty acids. The tiered approach is a sensitive and versatile tool to extract information on PACs and their polar TPs from polluted environmental sites.

KW - Environmental arctic pollution

KW - GC-MS

KW - Group-type fractionation

KW - LC-MS

KW - Non-target analysis

KW - PAC transformation

KW - Suspect screening

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067834575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.149

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.149

M3 - Journal article

VL - 235

SP - 175

EP - 184

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

ER -

ID: 223675482