The clinical, biochemical and genetic features associated with RMND1-related mitochondrial disease

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Yi Shiau Ng, Charlotte L Alston, Daria Diodato, Andrew D Morris, Nicole Ulrick, Stanislav Kmoch, Josef Houštěk, Diego Martinelli, Alireza Haghighi, Mehnaz Atiq, Montserrat Anton Gamero, Elena Garcia-Martinez, Hana Kratochvílová, Saikat Santra, Ruth M Brown, Garry K Brown, Nicola Ragge, Ahmad Monavari, Karen Pysden, Kirstine Ravn & 14 others Jillian P Casey, Arif Khan, Anupam Chakrapani, Grace Vassallo, Cas Simons, Karl McKeever, Siobhan O'Sullivan, Anne-Marie Childs, Elsebet Østergaard, Adeline Vanderver, Amy Goldstein, Julie Vogt, Robert W Taylor, Robert McFarland

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the RMND1 (Required for Meiotic Nuclear Division protein 1) gene have recently been linked to infantile onset mitochondrial disease characterised by multiple mitochondrial respiratory chain defects.

METHODS: We summarised the clinical, biochemical and molecular genetic investigation of an international cohort of affected individuals with RMND1 mutations. In addition, we reviewed all the previously published cases to determine the genotype-phenotype correlates and performed survival analysis to identify prognostic factors.

RESULTS: We identified 14 new cases from 11 pedigrees that harbour recessive RMND1 mutations, including 6 novel variants: c.533C>A, p.(Thr178Lys); c.565C>T, p.(Gln189*); c.631G>A, p.(Val211Met); c.1303C>T, p.(Leu435Phe); c.830+1G>A and c.1317+1G>T. Together with all previously published cases (n=32), we show that congenital sensorineural deafness, hypotonia, developmental delay and lactic acidaemia are common clinical manifestations with disease onset under 2 years. Renal involvement is more prevalent than seizures (66% vs 44%). In addition, median survival time was longer in patients with renal involvement compared with those without renal disease (6 years vs 8 months, p=0.009). The neurological phenotype also appears milder in patients with renal involvement.

CONCLUSIONS: The clinical phenotypes and prognosis associated with RMND1 mutations are more heterogeneous than that were initially described. Regular monitoring of kidney function is imperative in the clinical practice in light of nephropathy being present in over 60% of cases. Furthermore, renal replacement therapy should be considered particularly in those patients with mild neurological manifestation as shown in our study that four recipients of kidney transplant demonstrate good clinical outcome to date.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
Volume53
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)768-775
ISSN0022-2593
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 176967864