Population genetics of Phytophthora infestans in Denmark reveals dominantly clonal populations and specific alleles linked to metalaxyl-M resistance

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Melanie Sarah Montes, B. J. Nielsen, S. G. Schmidt, L. Bødker, Rasmus Kjøller, Søren Rosendahl

Control of the potato late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans relies heavily on chemicals. The fungicide metalaxyl-M (Mefenoxam) has played an important role in controlling the disease, but insensitivity to the fungicide in certain isolates is now of major concern. A genetic basis for resistance to metalaxyl suggests the possibility for linking resistance phenotypes to specific population genetic markers, but in order to do this, the population genetic structure and mode of reproduction in a population must first be well described. The dynamics of metalaxyl-M resistance in the Danish population of P. infestans was characterized over the course of the 2013 growing season, as was the population genetic structure, using simple sequence repeat (SSR) genotypes and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based mitochondrial haplotyping of over 80 isolates. Both mating types A1 and A2 were present in most fields, but tests for recombination showed that clonal reproduction dominates in Danish populations. Genotype was not linked to haplotype and no differentiation was observed at the haplotype level, but rather between fields. Resistance phenotypes were linked to specific SSR alleles, demonstrating the potential for a more precise SNP-based marker system for predicting resistance to metalaxyl-M.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Pathology
Volume65
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)744-753
Number of pages10
ISSN0032-0862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Research areas

  • Phytophthora infestans, Linkage disequilibrium, Metalaxyl resistance, Mitochondrial haplotypes, Potato late blight, Simple sequence repeat

ID: 154218268