Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides. / Wright, Adam; Hawkins, Clare Louise; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine, Vol. 34, No. 6, 15.03.2003, p. 637-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Wright, A, Hawkins, CL & Davies, MJ 2003, 'Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides', Free Radical Biology & Medicine, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 637-47.

APA

Wright, A., Hawkins, C. L., & Davies, M. J. (2003). Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 34(6), 637-47.

Vancouver

Wright A, Hawkins CL, Davies MJ. Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 2003 Mar 15;34(6):637-47.

Author

Wright, Adam ; Hawkins, Clare Louise ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides. In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 34, No. 6. pp. 637-47.

Bibtex

@article{7b4520b539cb438bb923def7cc428795,
title = "Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides",
abstract = "Singlet oxygen is generated by several cellular, enzymatic, and chemical reactions as well as by exposure to UV or visible light in the presence of a sensitizer. Consequently, this oxidant has been proposed to be a damaging agent many pathologies. Proteins are major targets for singlet oxygen as a result of their abundance and high rate constants for reaction. In this study, we show that illumination of viable rose bengal-loaded THP-1 (human monocyte-like) cells with visible light gives rise to intracellular protein-derived peroxides. The peroxide yield increases with illumination time, requires the presence of rose bengal, is enhanced in D(2)O, and is decreased by azide, consistent with the mediation of singlet oxygen. The concentration of peroxides detected, which is not affected by glucose or ascorbate loading of the cells, corresponds to about 1.5 nmoles peroxide per 10(6) cells, or 10 nmoles/mg cell protein, and account for up to approximately 15{\%} of the O(2) consumed by the cells. Similar peroxides have been detected on isolated cellular proteins exposed to light in the presence of rose bengal and oxygen. After cessation of illumination, cellular protein peroxide levels decrease with t(1/2) about 4 h at 37 degrees C. Decomposition of protein peroxides formed within cells, or on isolated cellular proteins, by metal ions gives rise to radicals as detected by EPR spin trapping. These studies demonstrate that exposure of intact cells to visible light in the presence of a sensitizer leads to novel long-lived, but reactive, intracellular protein peroxides via singlet oxygen-mediated reactions.",
keywords = "Antioxidants, Ascorbic Acid, Cell Survival, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Glucose, Humans, Light, Monocytes, Oxidants, Oxidation-Reduction, Peroxides, Photochemistry, Proteins, Rose Bengal, Singlet Oxygen",
author = "Adam Wright and Hawkins, {Clare Louise} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2003",
month = "3",
day = "15",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "637--47",
journal = "Free Radical Biology & Medicine",
issn = "0891-5849",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Photo-oxidation of cells generates long-lived intracellular protein peroxides

AU - Wright, Adam

AU - Hawkins, Clare Louise

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2003/3/15

Y1 - 2003/3/15

N2 - Singlet oxygen is generated by several cellular, enzymatic, and chemical reactions as well as by exposure to UV or visible light in the presence of a sensitizer. Consequently, this oxidant has been proposed to be a damaging agent many pathologies. Proteins are major targets for singlet oxygen as a result of their abundance and high rate constants for reaction. In this study, we show that illumination of viable rose bengal-loaded THP-1 (human monocyte-like) cells with visible light gives rise to intracellular protein-derived peroxides. The peroxide yield increases with illumination time, requires the presence of rose bengal, is enhanced in D(2)O, and is decreased by azide, consistent with the mediation of singlet oxygen. The concentration of peroxides detected, which is not affected by glucose or ascorbate loading of the cells, corresponds to about 1.5 nmoles peroxide per 10(6) cells, or 10 nmoles/mg cell protein, and account for up to approximately 15% of the O(2) consumed by the cells. Similar peroxides have been detected on isolated cellular proteins exposed to light in the presence of rose bengal and oxygen. After cessation of illumination, cellular protein peroxide levels decrease with t(1/2) about 4 h at 37 degrees C. Decomposition of protein peroxides formed within cells, or on isolated cellular proteins, by metal ions gives rise to radicals as detected by EPR spin trapping. These studies demonstrate that exposure of intact cells to visible light in the presence of a sensitizer leads to novel long-lived, but reactive, intracellular protein peroxides via singlet oxygen-mediated reactions.

AB - Singlet oxygen is generated by several cellular, enzymatic, and chemical reactions as well as by exposure to UV or visible light in the presence of a sensitizer. Consequently, this oxidant has been proposed to be a damaging agent many pathologies. Proteins are major targets for singlet oxygen as a result of their abundance and high rate constants for reaction. In this study, we show that illumination of viable rose bengal-loaded THP-1 (human monocyte-like) cells with visible light gives rise to intracellular protein-derived peroxides. The peroxide yield increases with illumination time, requires the presence of rose bengal, is enhanced in D(2)O, and is decreased by azide, consistent with the mediation of singlet oxygen. The concentration of peroxides detected, which is not affected by glucose or ascorbate loading of the cells, corresponds to about 1.5 nmoles peroxide per 10(6) cells, or 10 nmoles/mg cell protein, and account for up to approximately 15% of the O(2) consumed by the cells. Similar peroxides have been detected on isolated cellular proteins exposed to light in the presence of rose bengal and oxygen. After cessation of illumination, cellular protein peroxide levels decrease with t(1/2) about 4 h at 37 degrees C. Decomposition of protein peroxides formed within cells, or on isolated cellular proteins, by metal ions gives rise to radicals as detected by EPR spin trapping. These studies demonstrate that exposure of intact cells to visible light in the presence of a sensitizer leads to novel long-lived, but reactive, intracellular protein peroxides via singlet oxygen-mediated reactions.

KW - Antioxidants

KW - Ascorbic Acid

KW - Cell Survival

KW - Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy

KW - Glucose

KW - Humans

KW - Light

KW - Monocytes

KW - Oxidants

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Peroxides

KW - Photochemistry

KW - Proteins

KW - Rose Bengal

KW - Singlet Oxygen

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 637

EP - 647

JO - Free Radical Biology & Medicine

JF - Free Radical Biology & Medicine

SN - 0891-5849

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 138276225