One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation. / Pattison, David I; O'Reilly, Robert J; Skaff, Ojia; Radom, Leo; Anderson, Robert F; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Chemical Research in Toxicology, Vol. 24, No. 3, 21.03.2011, p. 371-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pattison, DI, O'Reilly, RJ, Skaff, O, Radom, L, Anderson, RF & Davies, MJ 2011, 'One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation', Chemical Research in Toxicology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 371-82. https://doi.org/10.1021/tx100325z

APA

Pattison, D. I., O'Reilly, R. J., Skaff, O., Radom, L., Anderson, R. F., & Davies, M. J. (2011). One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 24(3), 371-82. https://doi.org/10.1021/tx100325z

Vancouver

Pattison DI, O'Reilly RJ, Skaff O, Radom L, Anderson RF, Davies MJ. One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2011 Mar 21;24(3):371-82. https://doi.org/10.1021/tx100325z

Author

Pattison, David I ; O'Reilly, Robert J ; Skaff, Ojia ; Radom, Leo ; Anderson, Robert F ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation. In: Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 371-82.

Bibtex

@article{999c2fca7ae64a819cc1f520de990527,
title = "One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation",
abstract = "Hypochlorous (HOCl) and hypobromous (HOBr) acids are strong bactericidal oxidants that are generated by the human immune system but are implicated in the development of many human inflammatory diseases (e.g., atherosclerosis, asthma). These oxidants react readily with sulfur- and nitrogen-containing nucleophiles, with the latter generating N-halogenated species (e.g., chloramines/bromamines (RR'NX; X = Cl, Br)) as initial products. Redox-active metal ions and superoxide radicals (O(2)(•-)) can reduce N-halogenated species to nitrogen- and carbon-centered radicals. N-Halogenated species and O(2)(•-) are generated simultaneously at sites of inflammation, but the significance of their interactions remains unclear. In the present study, rate constants for the reduction of N-halogenated amines, amides, and imides to model potential biological substrates have been determined. Hydrated electrons reduce these species with k(2) > 10(9) M(-1) s(-1), whereas O(2)(•-) reduced only N-halogenated imides with complex kinetics indicative of chain reactions. For N-bromoimides, heterolytic cleavage of the N-Br bond yielded bromine atoms (Br(•)), whereas for other substrates, N-centered radicals and Cl(-)/Br(-) were produced. High-level quantum chemical procedures have been used to calculate gas-phase electron affinities and aqueous solution reduction potentials. The effects of substituents on the electron affinities of aminyl, amidyl, and imidyl radicals are rationalized on the basis of differential effects on the stabilities of the radicals and anions. The calculated reduction potentials are consistent with the experimental observations, with Br(•) production predicted for N-bromosuccinimide, while halide ion formation is predicted in all other cases. These data suggest that interaction of N-halogenated species with O(2)(•-) may produce deleterious N-centered radicals and Br(•).",
keywords = "Bromates, Bromosuccinimide, Electrons, Hypochlorous Acid, Kinetics, Models, Theoretical, Oxidation-Reduction, Piperidones, Succinimides, Superoxides",
author = "Pattison, {David I} and O'Reilly, {Robert J} and Ojia Skaff and Leo Radom and Anderson, {Robert F} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1021/tx100325z",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "371--82",
journal = "Chemical Research in Toxicology",
issn = "0893-228X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - One-electron reduction of N-chlorinated and N-brominated species is a source of radicals and bromine atom formation

AU - Pattison, David I

AU - O'Reilly, Robert J

AU - Skaff, Ojia

AU - Radom, Leo

AU - Anderson, Robert F

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2011/3/21

Y1 - 2011/3/21

N2 - Hypochlorous (HOCl) and hypobromous (HOBr) acids are strong bactericidal oxidants that are generated by the human immune system but are implicated in the development of many human inflammatory diseases (e.g., atherosclerosis, asthma). These oxidants react readily with sulfur- and nitrogen-containing nucleophiles, with the latter generating N-halogenated species (e.g., chloramines/bromamines (RR'NX; X = Cl, Br)) as initial products. Redox-active metal ions and superoxide radicals (O(2)(•-)) can reduce N-halogenated species to nitrogen- and carbon-centered radicals. N-Halogenated species and O(2)(•-) are generated simultaneously at sites of inflammation, but the significance of their interactions remains unclear. In the present study, rate constants for the reduction of N-halogenated amines, amides, and imides to model potential biological substrates have been determined. Hydrated electrons reduce these species with k(2) > 10(9) M(-1) s(-1), whereas O(2)(•-) reduced only N-halogenated imides with complex kinetics indicative of chain reactions. For N-bromoimides, heterolytic cleavage of the N-Br bond yielded bromine atoms (Br(•)), whereas for other substrates, N-centered radicals and Cl(-)/Br(-) were produced. High-level quantum chemical procedures have been used to calculate gas-phase electron affinities and aqueous solution reduction potentials. The effects of substituents on the electron affinities of aminyl, amidyl, and imidyl radicals are rationalized on the basis of differential effects on the stabilities of the radicals and anions. The calculated reduction potentials are consistent with the experimental observations, with Br(•) production predicted for N-bromosuccinimide, while halide ion formation is predicted in all other cases. These data suggest that interaction of N-halogenated species with O(2)(•-) may produce deleterious N-centered radicals and Br(•).

AB - Hypochlorous (HOCl) and hypobromous (HOBr) acids are strong bactericidal oxidants that are generated by the human immune system but are implicated in the development of many human inflammatory diseases (e.g., atherosclerosis, asthma). These oxidants react readily with sulfur- and nitrogen-containing nucleophiles, with the latter generating N-halogenated species (e.g., chloramines/bromamines (RR'NX; X = Cl, Br)) as initial products. Redox-active metal ions and superoxide radicals (O(2)(•-)) can reduce N-halogenated species to nitrogen- and carbon-centered radicals. N-Halogenated species and O(2)(•-) are generated simultaneously at sites of inflammation, but the significance of their interactions remains unclear. In the present study, rate constants for the reduction of N-halogenated amines, amides, and imides to model potential biological substrates have been determined. Hydrated electrons reduce these species with k(2) > 10(9) M(-1) s(-1), whereas O(2)(•-) reduced only N-halogenated imides with complex kinetics indicative of chain reactions. For N-bromoimides, heterolytic cleavage of the N-Br bond yielded bromine atoms (Br(•)), whereas for other substrates, N-centered radicals and Cl(-)/Br(-) were produced. High-level quantum chemical procedures have been used to calculate gas-phase electron affinities and aqueous solution reduction potentials. The effects of substituents on the electron affinities of aminyl, amidyl, and imidyl radicals are rationalized on the basis of differential effects on the stabilities of the radicals and anions. The calculated reduction potentials are consistent with the experimental observations, with Br(•) production predicted for N-bromosuccinimide, while halide ion formation is predicted in all other cases. These data suggest that interaction of N-halogenated species with O(2)(•-) may produce deleterious N-centered radicals and Br(•).

KW - Bromates

KW - Bromosuccinimide

KW - Electrons

KW - Hypochlorous Acid

KW - Kinetics

KW - Models, Theoretical

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Piperidones

KW - Succinimides

KW - Superoxides

U2 - 10.1021/tx100325z

DO - 10.1021/tx100325z

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 371

EP - 382

JO - Chemical Research in Toxicology

JF - Chemical Research in Toxicology

SN - 0893-228X

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 129669817