Mitochondrial function in liver cells is resistant to perturbations in NAD+ salvage capacity

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Morten Dall, Samuel A J Trammell, Magnus Asping, Anna S Hassing, Marianne Agerholm, Sara G Vienberg, Matthew P Gillum, Steen Larsen, Jonas T Treebak

Supplementation with NAD precursors such as nicotinamide riboside (NR) has been shown to enhance mitochondrial function in the liver and to prevent hepatic lipid accumulation in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rodents. Hepatocyte-specific knockout of the NAD+-synthesizing enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reduces liver NAD+ levels, but the metabolic phenotype of Nampt-deficient hepatocytes in mice is unknown. Here, we assessed Nampt's role in maintaining mitochondrial and metabolic functions in the mouse liver. Using the Cre-LoxP system, we generated hepatocyte-specific Nampt knockout (HNKO) mice, having a 50% reduction of liver NAD+ levels. We screened the HNKO mice for signs of metabolic dysfunction following 60% HFD feeding for 20 weeks ± NR supplementation and found that NR increases hepatic NAD+ levels without affecting fat mass or glucose tolerance in HNKO or WT animals. High-resolution respirometry revealed that NR supplementation of the HNKO mice did not increase state III respiration, which was observed in WT mice following NR supplementation. Mitochondrial oxygen consumption and fatty-acid oxidation were unaltered in primary HNKO hepatocytes. Mitochondria isolated from whole-HNKO livers had only a 20% reduction in NAD+, suggesting that the mitochondrial NAD+ pool is less affected by HNKO than the whole-tissue pool. When stimulated with tryptophan in the presence of [15N]glutamine, HNKO hepatocytes had a higher [15N]NAD+ enrichment than WT hepatocytes, indicating that HNKO mice compensate through de novo NAD+ synthesis. We conclude that NAMPT-deficient hepatocytes can maintain substantial NAD+ levels and that the Nampt knockout has only minor consequences for mitochondrial function in the mouse liver.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume294
Issue number36
Pages (from-to)13304-13326
Number of pages23
ISSN0021-9258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sep 2019

ID: 227417862