Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid

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Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid. / Woods, Alan A; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 376, No. Pt 1, 15.11.2003, p. 219-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Woods, AA & Davies, MJ 2003, 'Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid', Biochemical Journal, vol. 376, no. Pt 1, pp. 219-27. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20030715

APA

Woods, A. A., & Davies, M. J. (2003). Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid. Biochemical Journal, 376(Pt 1), 219-27. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20030715

Vancouver

Woods AA, Davies MJ. Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid. Biochemical Journal. 2003 Nov 15;376(Pt 1):219-27. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20030715

Author

Woods, Alan A ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid. In: Biochemical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 376, No. Pt 1. pp. 219-27.

Bibtex

@article{5caa02016b4a4c02824fa035ec29be0f,
title = "Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid",
abstract = "The interaction of extracellular matrix with cells regulates their adhesion, migration and proliferation, and it is believed that damage to vascular matrix components is a factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Evidence has been provided for a role for the haem enzyme MPO (myeloperoxidase), released by activated monocytes (and possibly macrophages), in oxidative events within the artery wall. As MPO is released extracellularly, and is highly basic, it might be expected to associate with poly-anionic matrix components thereby localizing damage to these materials. In this study the reaction of the MPO-derived oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl) with extracellular matrix from vascular smooth muscle cells and healthy pig arteries has been examined. HOCl is rapidly consumed by such matrix samples, with the formation of matrix-derived chloramines or chloramides. The yield of these intermediates increases with HOCl dose. These materials undergo a time- and temperature-dependent decay, which parallels the release of sugar and protein components from the treated matrix, consistent with these species being important intermediates. Matrix damage is enhanced by species that increase chloramine/chloramide decomposition, with copper and iron ions being effective catalysts, and decreased by compounds which scavenge chloramines/chloramides, or species derived from them. The effect of such matrix modifications on cellular behaviour is poorly understood, though it is known that changes in matrix materials can have profound effects on cell adhesion, proliferation, growth and phenotype. The observed matrix modifications reported here may therefore modulate cellular behaviour in diseases such as atherosclerosis where MPO-derived oxidants are generated.",
keywords = "Amides, Animals, Aorta, Blood Vessels, Cell Line, Chloramines, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Extracellular Matrix, Hypochlorous Acid, Male, Metals, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Oxidants, Swine, Temperature",
author = "Woods, {Alan A} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2003",
month = "11",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1042/BJ20030715",
language = "English",
volume = "376",
pages = "219--27",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press Ltd.",
number = "Pt 1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fragmentation of extracellular matrix by hypochlorous acid

AU - Woods, Alan A

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2003/11/15

Y1 - 2003/11/15

N2 - The interaction of extracellular matrix with cells regulates their adhesion, migration and proliferation, and it is believed that damage to vascular matrix components is a factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Evidence has been provided for a role for the haem enzyme MPO (myeloperoxidase), released by activated monocytes (and possibly macrophages), in oxidative events within the artery wall. As MPO is released extracellularly, and is highly basic, it might be expected to associate with poly-anionic matrix components thereby localizing damage to these materials. In this study the reaction of the MPO-derived oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl) with extracellular matrix from vascular smooth muscle cells and healthy pig arteries has been examined. HOCl is rapidly consumed by such matrix samples, with the formation of matrix-derived chloramines or chloramides. The yield of these intermediates increases with HOCl dose. These materials undergo a time- and temperature-dependent decay, which parallels the release of sugar and protein components from the treated matrix, consistent with these species being important intermediates. Matrix damage is enhanced by species that increase chloramine/chloramide decomposition, with copper and iron ions being effective catalysts, and decreased by compounds which scavenge chloramines/chloramides, or species derived from them. The effect of such matrix modifications on cellular behaviour is poorly understood, though it is known that changes in matrix materials can have profound effects on cell adhesion, proliferation, growth and phenotype. The observed matrix modifications reported here may therefore modulate cellular behaviour in diseases such as atherosclerosis where MPO-derived oxidants are generated.

AB - The interaction of extracellular matrix with cells regulates their adhesion, migration and proliferation, and it is believed that damage to vascular matrix components is a factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Evidence has been provided for a role for the haem enzyme MPO (myeloperoxidase), released by activated monocytes (and possibly macrophages), in oxidative events within the artery wall. As MPO is released extracellularly, and is highly basic, it might be expected to associate with poly-anionic matrix components thereby localizing damage to these materials. In this study the reaction of the MPO-derived oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl) with extracellular matrix from vascular smooth muscle cells and healthy pig arteries has been examined. HOCl is rapidly consumed by such matrix samples, with the formation of matrix-derived chloramines or chloramides. The yield of these intermediates increases with HOCl dose. These materials undergo a time- and temperature-dependent decay, which parallels the release of sugar and protein components from the treated matrix, consistent with these species being important intermediates. Matrix damage is enhanced by species that increase chloramine/chloramide decomposition, with copper and iron ions being effective catalysts, and decreased by compounds which scavenge chloramines/chloramides, or species derived from them. The effect of such matrix modifications on cellular behaviour is poorly understood, though it is known that changes in matrix materials can have profound effects on cell adhesion, proliferation, growth and phenotype. The observed matrix modifications reported here may therefore modulate cellular behaviour in diseases such as atherosclerosis where MPO-derived oxidants are generated.

KW - Amides

KW - Animals

KW - Aorta

KW - Blood Vessels

KW - Cell Line

KW - Chloramines

KW - Dose-Response Relationship, Drug

KW - Extracellular Matrix

KW - Hypochlorous Acid

KW - Male

KW - Metals

KW - Muscle, Smooth, Vascular

KW - Oxidants

KW - Swine

KW - Temperature

U2 - 10.1042/BJ20030715

DO - 10.1042/BJ20030715

M3 - Journal article

VL - 376

SP - 219

EP - 227

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

IS - Pt 1

ER -

ID: 138275553