Fine mapping of MHC region in lung cancer highlights independent susceptibility loci by ethnicity

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Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, Corina Lesseur, James McKay, Rayjean J Hung, Younghun Han, Xuchen Zong, David Christiani, Mattias Johansson, Xiangjun Xiao, Yafang Li, David C Qian, Xuemei Ji, Geoffrey Liu, Neil Caporaso, Ghislaine Scelo, David Zaridze, Anush Mukeriya, Milica Kontic, Simona Ognjanovic, Jolanta Lissowska & 53 others Małgorzata Szołkowska, Beata Swiatkowska, Vladimir Janout, Ivana Holcatova, Ciprian Bolca, Milan Savic, Miodrag Ognjanovic, Stig Egil Bojesen, Xifeng Wu, Demetrios Albanes, Melinda C Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Loic Le Marchand, Gadi Rennert, Chu Chen, Jennifer Doherty, Gary Goodman, Heike Bickeböller, H-Erich Wichmann, Angela Risch, Albert Rosenberger, Hongbing Shen, Juncheng Dai, John K Field, Michael Davies, Penella Woll, M Dawn Teare, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Erik H F M van der Heijden, Jian-Min Yuan, Yun-Chul Hong, Aage Haugen, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Stephen Lam, Ming-Sound Tsao, Mikael Johansson, Kjell Grankvist, Matthew B Schabath, Angeline Andrew, Eric Duell, Olle Melander, Hans Brunnström, Philip Lazarus, Susanne Arnold, Stacey Slone, Jinyoung Byun, Ahsan Kamal, Dakai Zhu, Maria Teresa Landi, Christopher I Amos, Paul Brennan

Lung cancer has several genetic associations identified within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC); although the basis for these associations remains elusive. Here, we analyze MHC genetic variation among 26,044 lung cancer patients and 20,836 controls densely genotyped across the MHC, using the Illumina Illumina OncoArray or Illumina 660W SNP microarray. We impute sequence variation in classical HLA genes, fine-map MHC associations for lung cancer risk with major histologies and compare results between ethnicities. Independent and novel associations within HLA genes are identified in Europeans including amino acids in the HLA-B*0801 peptide binding groove and an independent HLA-DQB1*06 loci group. In Asians, associations are driven by two independent HLA allele sets that both increase risk in HLA-DQB1*0401 and HLA-DRB1*0701; the latter better represented by the amino acid Ala-104. These results implicate several HLA-tumor peptide interactions as the major MHC factor modulating lung cancer susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3927
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Number of pages12
ISSN2041-1723
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics, Chromosome Mapping, European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology, Genotype, HLA Antigens/genetics, Humans, Lung Neoplasms/ethnology, Major Histocompatibility Complex/genetics, Male, Middle Aged, Peptides/genetics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

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