DNA Repair and the Accumulation of Oxidatively Damaged DNA Are Affected by Fruit Intake in Mice

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Deborah L Croteau, Nadja C de Souza-Pinto, Charlotte Harboe, Guido Keijzers, Yongqing Zhang, Kevin Becker, Shan Sheng, Vilhelm Bohr

Aging is associated with elevated oxidative stress and DNA damage. To achieve healthy aging, we must begin to understand how diet affects cellular processes. We postulated that fruit-enriched diets might initiate a program of enhanced DNA repair and thereby improve genome integrity. C57Bl/6 J mice were fed for 14 weeks a control diet or a diet with 8% peach or nectarine extract. The activities of DNA repair enzymes, the level of DNA damage, and gene expression changes were measured. Our study showed that repair of various oxidative DNA lesions was more efficient in liver extracts derived from mice fed fruit-enriched diets. In support of these findings, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis revealed that there was a decrease in the levels of formamidopyrimidines in peach-fed mice compared with the controls. Additionally, microarray analysis revealed that NTH1 was upregulated in peach-fed mice. Taken together, these results suggest that an increased intake of fruits might modulate the efficiency of DNA repair, resulting in altered levels of DNA damage.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournals of Gerontology. Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences
Volume65
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1300-1311
Number of pages12
ISSN1079-5006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

ID: 22385339