Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation

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Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation. / Dean, R T; Fu, S; Stocker, R; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 324 ( Pt 1), 1997, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Dean, RT, Fu, S, Stocker, R & Davies, MJ 1997, 'Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation', Biochemical Journal, vol. 324 ( Pt 1), pp. 1-18.

APA

Dean, R. T., Fu, S., Stocker, R., & Davies, M. J. (1997). Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation. Biochemical Journal, 324 ( Pt 1), 1-18.

Vancouver

Dean RT, Fu S, Stocker R, Davies MJ. Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation. Biochemical Journal. 1997;324 ( Pt 1):1-18.

Author

Dean, R T ; Fu, S ; Stocker, R ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation. In: Biochemical Journal. 1997 ; Vol. 324 ( Pt 1). pp. 1-18.

Bibtex

@article{919a85c572414890a9cb012120b8479e,
title = "Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation",
abstract = "Radical-mediated damage to proteins may be initiated by electron leakage, metal-ion-dependent reactions and autoxidation of lipids and sugars. The consequent protein oxidation is O2-dependent, and involves several propagating radicals, notably alkoxyl radicals. Its products include several categories of reactive species, and a range of stable products whose chemistry is currently being elucidated. Among the reactive products, protein hydroperoxides can generate further radical fluxes on reaction with transition-metal ions; protein-bound reductants (notably dopa) can reduce transition-metal ions and thereby facilitate their reaction with hydroperoxides; and aldehydes may participate in Schiff-base formation and other reactions. Cells can detoxify some of the reactive species, e.g. by reducing protein hydroperoxides to unreactive hydroxides. Oxidized proteins are often functionally inactive and their unfolding is associated with enhanced susceptibility to proteinases. Thus cells can generally remove oxidized proteins by proteolysis. However, certain oxidized proteins are poorly handled by cells, and together with possible alterations in the rate of production of oxidized proteins, this may contribute to the observed accumulation and damaging actions of oxidized proteins during aging and in pathologies such as diabetes, atherosclerosis and neurodegenerative diseases. Protein oxidation may also sometimes play controlling roles in cellular remodelling and cell growth. Proteins are also key targets in defensive cytolysis and in inflammatory self-damage. The possibility of selective protection against protein oxidation (antioxidation) is raised.",
keywords = "Animals, Free Radicals, Humans, Lipoproteins, Macromolecular Substances, Models, Chemical, Oxidation-Reduction, Protein Denaturation, Protein Folding, Proteins, Reactive Oxygen Species, Sulfhydryl Compounds, Superoxides",
author = "Dean, {R T} and S Fu and R Stocker and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
volume = "324 ( Pt 1)",
pages = "1--18",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biochemistry and pathology of radical-mediated protein oxidation

AU - Dean, R T

AU - Fu, S

AU - Stocker, R

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Radical-mediated damage to proteins may be initiated by electron leakage, metal-ion-dependent reactions and autoxidation of lipids and sugars. The consequent protein oxidation is O2-dependent, and involves several propagating radicals, notably alkoxyl radicals. Its products include several categories of reactive species, and a range of stable products whose chemistry is currently being elucidated. Among the reactive products, protein hydroperoxides can generate further radical fluxes on reaction with transition-metal ions; protein-bound reductants (notably dopa) can reduce transition-metal ions and thereby facilitate their reaction with hydroperoxides; and aldehydes may participate in Schiff-base formation and other reactions. Cells can detoxify some of the reactive species, e.g. by reducing protein hydroperoxides to unreactive hydroxides. Oxidized proteins are often functionally inactive and their unfolding is associated with enhanced susceptibility to proteinases. Thus cells can generally remove oxidized proteins by proteolysis. However, certain oxidized proteins are poorly handled by cells, and together with possible alterations in the rate of production of oxidized proteins, this may contribute to the observed accumulation and damaging actions of oxidized proteins during aging and in pathologies such as diabetes, atherosclerosis and neurodegenerative diseases. Protein oxidation may also sometimes play controlling roles in cellular remodelling and cell growth. Proteins are also key targets in defensive cytolysis and in inflammatory self-damage. The possibility of selective protection against protein oxidation (antioxidation) is raised.

AB - Radical-mediated damage to proteins may be initiated by electron leakage, metal-ion-dependent reactions and autoxidation of lipids and sugars. The consequent protein oxidation is O2-dependent, and involves several propagating radicals, notably alkoxyl radicals. Its products include several categories of reactive species, and a range of stable products whose chemistry is currently being elucidated. Among the reactive products, protein hydroperoxides can generate further radical fluxes on reaction with transition-metal ions; protein-bound reductants (notably dopa) can reduce transition-metal ions and thereby facilitate their reaction with hydroperoxides; and aldehydes may participate in Schiff-base formation and other reactions. Cells can detoxify some of the reactive species, e.g. by reducing protein hydroperoxides to unreactive hydroxides. Oxidized proteins are often functionally inactive and their unfolding is associated with enhanced susceptibility to proteinases. Thus cells can generally remove oxidized proteins by proteolysis. However, certain oxidized proteins are poorly handled by cells, and together with possible alterations in the rate of production of oxidized proteins, this may contribute to the observed accumulation and damaging actions of oxidized proteins during aging and in pathologies such as diabetes, atherosclerosis and neurodegenerative diseases. Protein oxidation may also sometimes play controlling roles in cellular remodelling and cell growth. Proteins are also key targets in defensive cytolysis and in inflammatory self-damage. The possibility of selective protection against protein oxidation (antioxidation) is raised.

KW - Animals

KW - Free Radicals

KW - Humans

KW - Lipoproteins

KW - Macromolecular Substances

KW - Models, Chemical

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Protein Denaturation

KW - Protein Folding

KW - Proteins

KW - Reactive Oxygen Species

KW - Sulfhydryl Compounds

KW - Superoxides

M3 - Journal article

VL - 324 ( Pt 1)

SP - 1

EP - 18

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

ER -

ID: 138285833