Acetylation dynamics and stoichiometry in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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Brian Tate Weinert, Vytautas Iesmantavicius, Tarek Moustafa, Christian Schölz, Sebastian A Wagner, Christoph Magnes, Rudolf Zechner, Chuna Ram Choudhary

Lysine acetylation is a frequently occurring posttranslational modification; however, little is known about the origin and regulation of most sites. Here we used quantitative mass spectrometry to analyze acetylation dynamics and stoichiometry in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that acetylation accumulated in growth-arrested cells in a manner that depended on acetyl-CoA generation in distinct subcellular compartments. Mitochondrial acetylation levels correlated with acetyl-CoA concentration in vivo and acetyl-CoA acetylated lysine residues nonenzymatically in vitro. We developed a method to estimate acetylation stoichiometry and found that the vast majority of mitochondrial and cytoplasmic acetylation had a very low stoichiometry. However, mitochondrial acetylation occurred at a significantly higher basal level than cytoplasmic acetylation, consistent with the distinct acetylation dynamics and higher acetyl-CoA concentration in mitochondria. High stoichiometry acetylation occurred mostly on histones, proteins present in histone acetyltransferase and deacetylase complexes, and on transcription factors. These data show that a majority of acetylation occurs at very low levels in exponentially growing yeast and is uniformly affected by exposure to acetyl-CoA.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Systems Biology
Volume10
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)716
Number of pages12
ISSN1744-4292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2014

ID: 98145752